By Binayak Ray
Water: The Looming quandary in India analyzes the major matters in constructing nationwide freshwater rules for the mainland nations of the South Asian sub-continent. Ray means that freshwater coverage needs to hide all points of actual surroundings and human lifestyles, by means of noting that nutrients and drought administration are components of freshwater coverage and acknowledging that water is a scarce typical source and has fiscal worth. He demands the improvement of basin-wide guidelines to reduce conflicts inside riparian international locations, in addition to a freshwater coverage baseline to reduce inner conflicts on water sharing preparations. by way of mentioning the necessity for complete participation of all stakeholders in constructing a baseline coverage together with humans displaced via the development of huge dams, Ray indicates a brand new process during which riparian international locations are assured that no water-related undertaking proceeds with out a transparently built environmental influence evaluate and overview of different innovations.
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Additional info for Water: The Looming Crisis in India (Asia World)
With respect to the availability of freshwater, the five contiguous countries of the sub-continent—Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan—fall into three groups: Nepal and Bhutan; Bangladesh; and India and Pakistan. 5). Nepal and Bhutan have a large quantity of internal freshwater resources. Bangladesh has access to abundant freshwater, mostly from seasonal rainfall and flows from other countries. Pakistan’s major freshwater source is the Indus, and its water is entirely used. At present, Nepal and Bhutan maintain cordial political relations with both India and China.
The 2002 policy did not make any attempt to unearth the reasons why Indian water consumption pattern is different from this universal trend, a critical variant in water policy to estimate demand; The policy objective behind the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments was to ensure grassroots participation in water management. This was not even mentioned in the 2002 water policy, nor was there any mention of how stakeholders, including women, could be included in policy development and debate. The policy document even failed to give credence to the Rural Development Ministry’s 1994 Guidelines on Participatory Water Development; The policy failed to explain why river basin authorities or boards have not been established despite the River Basin Authority Act of 1956, although such boards are common in many countries.
Furthermore, with its “superpower” status, China is now in a better position to directly influence the economic and resource management policies of smaller countries in the region. The situation in India is no better either. Within India the total disregard for ecological, environmental, and other natural considerations while establishing new states has made the situation worse within the country and has made it extremely difficult to manage the internal resources amicably, as we shall see in chapter 8.
Water: The Looming Crisis in India (Asia World) by Binayak Ray