By Jaime Klapp, Jorge L. Cervantes-Cota, José Federico Chávez Alcalá
The international has entered a interval of important alterations in regards to the way forward for power new release, mostly attributable to the plain exhaustion of hyd- carbons within the close to destiny, and the Greenhouse gases (GHG) influence of alt- ing the weather around the globe. Mexico, as a constructing state, and because the eleventh-most populated country with the thirteenth-largest territory, and because the proprietor of vital oil construction assets, is an effective instance of a kingdom desiring to enhance and raise its strength iteration. A concerted motion among the e- nomic sectors concerned – either governmental and business – may perhaps dras- cally increase the current scenario concerning the improvement of its alt- local power assets. the most motivation for organizing the German-Mexican Symposium 2006 strength for the longer term: in the direction of a cleanser planet, was once to get a world standpoint for altering the current energy-mix in Mexico, presently in keeping with fossil fuels, in the direction of cleanser strength assets. to accomplish this, a variety of correct issues has to be analysed, similar to the state-of-the-art of every power sort, their capability use and advantages, social, monetary, - litical and environmental elements, and their inclusion as a true replacement to strength new release courses. it is going to take time for each state to lessen its dependence on hydrocarbons and to extend its substitute energies share.
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Additional info for Towards a Cleaner Planet: Energy for the Future
The overall challenge to hydrogen production is cost reduction. For transportation, a key driver for energy independence, hydrogen must be cost-competitive with conventional fuels and technologies on a per-mile basis in order to succeed in the commercial marketplace. Fuel cells offer a significant advantage over traditional combustionbased thermal energy conversion, in that they provide efficiencies of electrical power supply in the range of 35 to 55 %, while causing very low levels of pollutant emission.
7. World oil consumption by region in 2003 and 2030 (data in million barrels per day) On the other hand, much of the world’s incremental oil demand is projected for use in the transportation sector –as it is today the case–, where there are almost no competitive alternatives to petroleum; however, several of the technologies associated with unconventional liquids (gas-to-liquids, Energy for the Present and Future: A World Energy Overview 13 coal-to-liquids, and ethanol and biodiesel produced from energy crops) are expected to meet a growing share of demand for petroleum liquids during the projection period, see Fig.
16. Renewable Power Capacities in 2005 (GW). net It is interesting that a large proportion comes from developing countries where small hydro and biomass have a large proportion followed by wind and solar PV. In EU, Germany, US, Spain and India wind have the large proportion while in India small hydro takes the larger proportion. Despite the enormous potential of renewable energy sources, new technologies have to be developed that will allow its large scale exploitation. We now give a summary of the main renewable energy sources.
Towards a Cleaner Planet: Energy for the Future by Jaime Klapp, Jorge L. Cervantes-Cota, José Federico Chávez Alcalá