By Brade Axenov Bo
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Additional resources for The Transformation of Urban Space in Post-Soviet Russia (Basees Curzon Series on Russian & East European Studies)
Stenning (1997) believes that Central and Eastern European countries are indeed moving towards capitalism, but the result will not necessarily take the shape envisaged by Western advisers and commentators. It is more likely that cultural differences, national traditions and differences in mentality, as well as historical and geographic factors, could lead to regionally different forms of economic, political and social change. Those authors who support the idea of the ‘catching up’ development of post-socialist cities refer to globalization that leads to uniﬁcation of the major trends of urban development.
Indeed, in St Petersburg, as in most Russian cities, the public sector plays a rather subordinate role at the present time, because no legitimate general development plan or other binding town planning regulations exist as yet, which would allow proliferating entrepreneurial activities to be channelled in an orderly and, with regard to urban development, meaningful manner. Rather, individual arrangements and agreements between the city authorities and the companies requiring space tend to predominate (Brade, Piterski and Schulze, 2002).
The population density of the western districts (rayons) is 50 inhabitants per square kilometre, that of the eastern districts hovers at under 8 inhabitants per square kilometre. The towns and cities are situated, in the main, along radial axes of settlement and transportation, which lead in a star-shaped pattern to the core area. The Neva – the 74-kilometre-long and 1,300-metre-wide outlet of Lake Ladoga – forms the start of a well-developed waterway (connected by canals with to the hinterlands of the Upper Volga), which as early as the eighth or ninth century was carrying trading ships along the famous route ‘from the Varangians to the Greeks’, that is, from the Baltic to the Black Sea via the river system.
The Transformation of Urban Space in Post-Soviet Russia (Basees Curzon Series on Russian & East European Studies) by Brade Axenov Bo