By Jürgen Habermas, Thomas McCarthy
One of many broadest, such a lot finished, complex and extremely theoretical works in social idea. Social concept and philosophy could by no means be a similar back. (Philosophy and Social feedback)
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Extra resources for The Theory of Communicative Action: Lifeworld and system: a critique of functionalist reason
After he has constituted signal language, he restricts himself to aspects of action coordination and of socialization, that is, to the formative process that takes place in the medium of grammatical language and from which both social institutions and the social identity of socialized organisms proceed with equal originality. A person is a personality because he belongs to a community, because he takes over the institutions of that community into his own conduct. He takes its language as a medium by which he gets his personality, and then through a process of taking the different roles that all the others furnish he comes to get the attitude of the members of the community.
43 The competitive game represents a more highly organized stage of role playing: "The fundamental difference between the game and play is that in the former the child must have the attitude of all the others involved in that game. The attitudes of the other players which the participant assumes organize into a sort of unit, and it is that organization which controls the response of the individual. The illustration used was of a person playing baseball. Each one of his own acts is determined by his assumption of the action of the others who are playing the game.
The mechanism of taking the attitude of the other again operates here, on the moral level; this time, however, it fixes on the sanctioning power of the group as a norm-giving entity, and not on that of individual persons, or even of all of them. "-no longer in an imperativist sense-and thus that kind of normative validity in virtue of which norms possess binding force. We have seen how the authority that is first held by the individual reference person and then passed over to the combined wills of A and B, is built up to the generalized choice of everyone else by way of the social generalization of behavior patterns.
The Theory of Communicative Action: Lifeworld and system: a critique of functionalist reason by Jürgen Habermas, Thomas McCarthy