By Samantha Hillyard
Foot and mouth sickness and BSE have either had a devastating effect on rural society. along those devastating advancements, the increase of the natural meals circulation has helped to revitalize an already politicized rural inhabitants. From fox-hunting to farming, the power with which rural actions and dwelling are defended overturns acquired notions of a sleepy and complacent geographical region. through the years "rural lifestyles" has been outlined, redefined and finally fallen out of favor as a sociological concept--in distinction to city reviews, which has flourished. This much-needed reappraisal demands its reinterpretation in gentle of the profound alterations affecting the geographical region. First supplying an summary of rural sociology, Hillyard is going directly to provide modern case reviews that in actual fact show the necessity for a reinvigorated rural sociology. Tackling various contentious issues--from fox-hunting to natural farming--this publication deals a brand new version for rural sociology and reassesses its position in modern society.
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Additional resources for The sociology of rural life
The bond that linked the village was not the rural location per se but employment. ‘Because of its dependence upon a single industry the rural village formed what might be called an “occupational community” ’ (Newby 1985: 157) (see table 3). Table 3 Characteristics of the occupational community Isolated, self-contained community Fierce loyalty Own customs and traditions Sense of identity and morality Sense of certainty, clearer boundaries over what was and was not acceptable Sense of order and a sense of place A definition of community in both geographical and social terms The double-edge quality of the village in this sense was (i) Security for some, but (ii) A narrow and restrictive prison for others, ‘shackling the individualist by the vicious purveyance of gossip and innuendo’ (Newby 1985: 157) Source: Newby (1985).
Of Rural Life 28/4/07 8:38 am Page 30 30 • The Sociology of Rural Life community. It was basically a neighbourly association of kin and workmates, not dissimilar to that which existed in many urban working-class neighbourhoods, but which the outsider could find virtually impenetrable. It was sustained by the isolation of the rural village, by the strong kinship links between the village inhabitants and by the need for cooperation in times of family crisis … it was forged out of the overlap between workplace and village … relationships established at work spilled into leisure hours … the accepted code of behaviour … followed in the village also applied in the work situation.
A salient feature of Howard Newby’s work as a rural sociologist was that he eschewed the somewhat nostalgic, romanticised approach to the countryside that had prevailed for so long. His work served to guard against the constant danger of excessive nostalgia and the tendency to take a highly selective and somewhat rosetinted view of the ‘good old days’ for, in doing so, what actually has occurred and changed may be lost. Yet, whilst bearing in mind those reservations, the very persistence of this theme suggests we can’t dismiss it as mere nostalgia – what seems to be underpinning it all is a critique of the present.
The sociology of rural life by Samantha Hillyard