By Tom Vander Beken
This ebook discusses the function of the legal in Europe throughout a divide of over two hundred years. encouraged by means of the travels of the criminal reformer John Howard (1726-1790), who visited prisons throughout Europe within the eighteenth century, it essentially displays on centuries of the perform of locking humans up as punishment. Howard travelled throughout Europe to go to prisons, with an easy procedure: he travelled and knocked on felony doorways on his trip and entered the premises. He then saw the location within the legal, took notes and left to go to different destinations. Howard's influential e-book The nation of the Prisons resulted from his stories, frightening debate between felony reformers and teachers worldwide.
Adopting the modern tools of felony tourism learn, the writer follows in Howard's footsteps. He attracts on broad learn performed in prisons throughout six international locations: England, Norway, the Netherlands, France, Italy and Azerbaijan. Howard's reflections are used as a body to evaluate modern prisons, really revolving round the questions of what prisons are for this present day, and what they need to (or aren't) be. it will likely be of serious curiosity to criminologists learning prisons and penology, in addition to historians attracted to the histories of punishment.
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Extra info for The Role of Prison in Europe: Travelling in the Footsteps of John Howard
The findings of the Carter Review (Carter 2003) reconfirmed the policy of taking a firmer hand to crime and of allowing the prison population to swell enormously. The number of long sentences imposed had doubled in ten years. However, community service and forms of probation were also on the increase, and—since failing to meet the conditions of those schemes could land one in jail—these also contributed to the growth in prison numbers (Newburn 2007, 446). 2 The Jailer’s Salary 35 As suggested by the Carter Review, the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) was set up in 2005 to subsume Her Majesty’s Prison Service (HMPS) and take charge of all convicts, including those on probation as well as those in prison.
Britain’s first open prison began operating in 1936 (Soothill 2007). Although some found this rethinking of prison untoward, and despite the organisational drawbacks it brought in practice, policy carried on ploughing the same furrow. A report on the Dartmoor Prison Riot of 1932 dismissed out of hand the notion that there was any kind of connection between the unrest and the recent relaxations in the system (Brown 2007). There was a continual flow of new regimes until the sixties: small-group detention, communal dining, combinations of work and incarceration, and more.
Pointing to the third chair at our lunch table, which is occupied by my rucksack, she quips that there are three of us. We have fun imagining what Howard would eat if he really were here and which parts of our lunch he would turn his nose up at. We consider his aloof, somewhat arrogant demeanour and are jokingly flattered that he nevertheless decided to grace us with his presence today. Surely, he would have had better things to do than turning up to listen to people talking about him. When it is time for me to part with Tessa, she says she has one last secret to share.
The Role of Prison in Europe: Travelling in the Footsteps of John Howard by Tom Vander Beken