By Zofia Butrym
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Extra info for The Nature of Social Work
In addition, some of the techniques of behaviour-modification, particularly those relating to extinguishing undesirable behaviour, for example token-economy and aversion-therapy techniques, are incompatible with the dignity inherent in human nature and are ethically questionable on that count and also because inherent in them is an acceptance of a philosophy that 'the end justifies the means'. Some of these critidsms appear to be founded on a limited understanding of behavioural modification - both failing to recognise it as an inherent element in all human transactions and overlooking the range of choice it offers in sodal-work helping.
19 In fact, Timms's emphasis on social casework as 'a means of fulfilling agency function' is almost open to being misinterpreted as denying social work any autonomy but as seeing it as a mere instrument for implementing agency policies. Winnicott's approach to the relationship between social-work practice and agency function is more comprehensive and incorporates both sociological and psychological concepts. She dearly goes along with the late Professor Titmuss's view that 'the worker, the dient and the setting are the basic components of action and must be viewed as a whole', by quoting hirn in the context of her discussion of this subject.
9 They also examine in relation to this value the frequently made assertion that the concept of 'a person' is an abstraction because personal identity is inseparable from social influence and people are moulded by the social roles in which they are placed and which they perform. ' 12 In view of the foremost position given by philosophers to the value of 'respect for persons', my references to two further general values which social work assurnes to be of a fundamental importance may be open to query.
The Nature of Social Work by Zofia Butrym