Read e-book online The Jews in Western Europe 1400-1600 (Manchester Medieval PDF

By John Edwards

ISBN-10: 0719035082

ISBN-13: 9780719035081

ISBN-10: 0719035090

ISBN-13: 9780719035098

This paintings strains the event of Jews in Europe in the course of the important and turbulent interval from 1400-1600. As eu politics, society, financial system and faith underwent epoch-making adjustments, the therapy of Europe's Jews by way of the non-Jewish majority used to be, then as in later classes, a symptom of social difficulties and tensions within the Continent as a complete. via a broad-ranging choice of files, this booklet units out to provide a bright photograph of the Jewish presence in ecu existence. matters coated contain the Jews' personal monetary presence and tradition, social kinfolk among Jews and Christians, in addition to the regulations and activities of Christian professionals in Church and kingdom. the writer additionally attracts upon unique resource fabric to express renowned Christian prejudices approximately Jews, together with myths approximately Jewish "devilishness", money-grabbing and "ritual homicide" of Christian young children. This quantity goals to supply a coherent operating selection of texts for teachers, academics and scholars who desire to comprehend the event of Jewish Europeans during this interval. complete introductory and explanatory fabric additionally makes accesible the ancient context of the topic and highlights the insights provided by way of the files, in addition to the pitfalls to be refrained from during this quarter of old enquiry.

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Extra info for The Jews in Western Europe 1400-1600 (Manchester Medieval Sources)

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4. The ‘Jew’ defined (a) A definition of a Jew from the thirteenth-century law-code of Alfonso X of Castile, known as the Siete Partidas [Seven Parts]. [From: Dwayne E. Carpenter, Alfonso X and the Jews: an edition of and commentary on ‘Siete Partidas’ 7: 24, ‘De los judíos’, Modern Philology, 115, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London, 1986, p. 28, in Spanish] Title 7 Section 24 Law 1. 34 JEWS IN WESTERN EUROPE What the word ‘Jew’ means and how it acquired this name, and the reasons why the Church and the great Christian lords let them live among them.

The answer is that some of Pharaoh’s servants, who feared the Word of God, hid their servants and animals. That is why Rabbi Simeon said: The best of the goyim, kill him, the best of servants, crush his head’. This means that, since these virtuous and God-fearing Egyptians handed over their animals for the pursuit of the people of God, the best of the Gentiles may be killed like criminals. (13) And anyone who does not want to have to keep his oath has only to announce at the beginning of the year that the vows and oaths that he may make during the year are null and void.

Also, he had phylacteries and asked for them so that he could put them on and take them about with him. And he made booths and went into them [for the Feast]. Also, he took part in samas, which is the great conversation and business that takes place at the lighting of the lamps in the synagogue. 40 JEWS IN WESTERN EUROPE JEWS AND THE CHURCH 41 I, Diego Martínez de Ortega, bachelor in decrees [of canon law], procurator fiscal in the Holy Inquisition in this most noble city of Toledo and all its archdiocese, appear before your reverences [the inquisitors], before whom, and for their judgement, I propose accusation against and accuse Gonzalo Pérez Jarada, regidor of the town of Trujillo, and citizen [vecino] of Illescas, who is present, that the same, living in the name and possession of Christian and calling himself such and enjoying the privileges and exemptions and liberties that Christians enjoy, is [in fact] in contempt of Holy Mother Church, a heretic and apostate from our Holy Catholic faith, following and keeping the Law of Moses and its rites and ceremonies.

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The Jews in Western Europe 1400-1600 (Manchester Medieval Sources) by John Edwards

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