By Dorothy G. Singer;Jerome L. Singer
within the so much thorough try and conceal all features of kid's make-believe, Dorothy and Jerome Singer study how inventive play starts off and develops, from the infant's first smiles to the toddler's engagement in social fake play. they supply interesting examples and learn proof at the younger kid's invocation of imaginary pals, the adolescent's bold, rule-governed video games, and the adult's deepest imagery and internal notion. In chapters that might be vital to oldsters and policymakers, the authors talk about tv and the mind's eye, the therapeutic functionality of play, and the results of playfulness and creativity through the existence span.
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Extra info for The House of Make-Believe: Children's Play and the Developing Imagination
Psychoanalysts such as Kohut have sought to maintain their "classical" credentials by proposing that the relational perspective-that is, the infant's awareness of boundaries between self and others, and its differentiation from and fusion with a "good" or "bad" parental image-is characteristic of infancy and babyhood, while drive conflicts of the classical oral, anal, phallic, and Oedipal stages operate to create neurotic problems or personality variations in children ages two to five. " From the kinds of papers that fill current psychoanalytic journals it is apparent that the emphasis today is upon the perceived relationships through which children develop the meanings about self and others they assign, and the ways in which these internal perspectives on self-other relationships are played out in the face of direct social interactions in later childhood and adult life.
Those children who do not experience encouragement or adult support through story-telling or pretending, who do not seem to be able to add a symbolic dimension to their repetitive physical play, rules play, or games of skill and chance may be condemned either to impetuous instrumental activity or to the apathy of isolation or extreme dependence on conventional ritual.
While perhaps not fully willing (because of psychoanalytic politics rather than theory or evidence) to give up completely on the oral, anal, phallic, or Oedipal stages, Erikson has shown convincingly that issues of trust, autonomy, industry, identityformation, generativity, and so on are critical features of healthy human development. But by separating intimacy and identity as necessary phases of development at different chronological periods even Erikson seems to be adopting a more traditional, masculine point of view, as Franz and White have astutely observed.
The House of Make-Believe: Children's Play and the Developing Imagination by Dorothy G. Singer;Jerome L. Singer