By Christoph Bergmann
Drawing from broad archival paintings and long term ethnographic study, this booklet makes a speciality of the so-called Bhotiyas, former trans-Himalayan investors and a Scheduled Tribe of India who stay in different excessive valleys of the Kumaon Himalaya. the realm is found within the border triangle among India, the Tibet self sustaining sector (TAR, People’s Republic of China), and Nepal, the place contestations over political limitations have created a number of demanding situations in addition to possibilities for neighborhood mountain groups. in keeping with an analytical framework that's grounded in and contributes to fresh advances within the box of border reviews, the writer explores how the Bhotiyas have used their service provider to increase a flourishing trans-Himalayan exchange below British colonial impact; to claim an id and win criminal attractiveness as a tribal neighborhood within the political setup of self sufficient India; and to innovate their pastoral mobility within the context of ongoing kingdom and industry reforms. by means of studying the Bhotiyas’ exchange, id and mobility this ebook indicates how and why the Himalayan border zone has advanced as an agentive web site of political motion for numerous diverse actors.
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Additional resources for The Himalayan Border Region: Trade, Identity and Mobility in Kumaon, India
The reign of Baz Bahadur Chand, king of Kumaon from 1638 to 1778, may have created a signiﬁcant political impetus for increasing the goddess’s signiﬁcance in Johar. In the course of various military campaigns the raja defeated the Garhwalis, took the idol of Nanda Devi from Garhwal to his royal seat in Almora, and also recruited several Rawats whom he then installed as petty ofﬁcers in the northern peripheries of the expanding Kumaon kingdom (Walton 1911: 177–178; cf. 23 This seems to tally with Johar’s settlement history and further contextualizes local residents’ claim to be among the greatest bhaktas or devotees of Nanda Devi (Srivastava 1966: 201).
University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia Srivastava RP (1966) Tribe-caste mobility in India and the case of Kumaon Bhotias. In: von FürerHaimendorf C (ed) Caste and kin in Nepal, India and Ceylon. Asia Publishing House, Bombay, pp 161–212 Sturgeon JC (2004) Border practices, boundaries, and the control of resource access: a case study from China, Thailand and Burma. Dev Chang 35(3):463–484 Traill GW (1992 ) Statistical report on the Bhotiya mehals of Kumaon. In: Joshi MP, Fanger AC, Brown CW (eds) Himalaya: past and present, vol II.
Mittal Publications, New Delhi Sherring CA (1974 ) Western Tibet and the British borderland. The sacred country of Hindus and Buddhists. With an account of the government, religion and customs of its peoples. Cosmo Publications, Delhi References 21 Shneiderman S (2010) Are the central Himalayas in zomia? Some scholarly and political considerations across space and time. J Glob Hist 5(2):289–312 Shneiderman S (2013) Himalayan border citizens: sovereignty and mobility in the Nepal-Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) of China border zone.
The Himalayan Border Region: Trade, Identity and Mobility in Kumaon, India by Christoph Bergmann