By Dana M. Britton
The Gender of Crime introduces scholars to how gender shapes our figuring out of each element of crime. relocating past criminological theories and learn that experience usually ignored gender, this dynamic and provocative publication indicates that gender is primary to the definition, prosecution, and sentencing of crimes, that it shapes how victimization is skilled and understood, and that it constructions the associations of the felony justice process and the reports of staff inside of that method. Discussing the intersections of race, type, gender, and sexuality with crime and punishment, this booklet demonstrates that crime, victimization, and crime keep an eye on are by no means generic_they are in its place produced and skilled by means of gendered (and race, and classed, and sexualized) actors inside contexts of social inequality. This publication highlights key suggestions for college kids and encourages them to imagine significantly via quite a number compelling real-life examples, from institution violence to company crime. The Gender of Crime presents crucial interpreting for college kids of gender, criminology, and legal justice alike.
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Extra info for The Gender of Crime
This early insight about the connection between masculinity and crime would lie largely forgotten in criminology over the next two decades. Theorists continued to produce accounts of the causes of crime for criminals, sex and gender unspecified, who were nevertheless overwhelmingly likely to be men. Masculinity was simply not on the agenda for mainstream criminology. The topic would ultimately be reintroduced from outside the discipline in the form of studies of women’s victimization sparked by the second wave of the women’s movement.
Hegemonic masculinity is about physical power and status, but it is also, as these accounts suggest, about sexuality. To be a real man in American society implies heterosexuality. Among adolescent boys, to be called a “fag” may be the worst of all possible insults (Pascoe 2007). Entwined with masculinity, heterosexuality also shares its instability, with acceptable heterosexuality seemingly requiring unremitting confirmation. Boys and men boast about their heterosexual exploits in school locker rooms and their adult equivalents, and men may be called upon at any time to defend themselves against implications that they are anything other than blatantly and enthusiastically heterosexual.
As total number of arrests indicates, however, many more men are arrested each year than women, with almost three times as many men as women arrested in 2009. This difference is also captured by calculations of arrest rates, in which the total number of arrests for a particular group is divided by the total population in that group (and then multiplied by 100,000 to produce numbers that are easier to comprehend). In 2009 the total arrest rate for men was 6,830 (per 100,000 men in the population); for women, the rate was 2,219.
The Gender of Crime by Dana M. Britton