By Tan Tai Yong
Following the Mutiny of 1857, different factors impelled the British to show to the province of Punjab in north-western India because the vital recruiting flooring for the Indian military. This booklet examines the methods during which the politics and political financial system of colonial Punjab was once militarised by means of the province`s place because the `sword arm` of the Raj.
The militarisation of the management within the Punjab was once characterized by means of a conjunction of the army, civil and political specialists. This resulted in the emergence of a uniquely civil-military regime, a phenomenon that used to be no longer replicated wherever else in British India, certainly within the Empire. Analysing those occasions, this book:
- reviews the style during which the Punjab grew to become the most recruiting flooring for the Indian Army
- seems to be at how yes districts have been chosen for army recruitment, and the standards motivating the `military periods` one of the Punjabis to hitch the Army
- Discusses the consequences of the 1st global struggle at the recruitment procedure within the Punjab
- Highlights the position the civil-military regime performed within the politics of the Punjab, its survival after the second one global conflict and the style during which it dealt with the call for for Pakistan and the following partitioning of the province.
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Additional resources for The Garrison State: Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947
Located on the strategic north-western invasion route from central Asia into India proper, the region known as the Punjab has witnessed an almost interminable series of violent military and political struggles. For at least 800 years, from the eleventh century 6 At annexation, the region known as the Punjab stretched from the Afghan border to Delhi. Although Punjab proper refers to the five inter-riverine tracts between the Indus and the Sutlej, the name Punjab has been applied historically to cover a much wider area stretching from the trans-Indus frontier districts of Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan and Dera Ghazi Khan to Delhi in the east.
A. Heathcote, The Indian Army: The Garrison of British Imperial India, 1822– 1922, London, 1974, pp. 83–84. 4 See Dirk Kolff, Naukar, Rajput and Sepoy, pp. 177–81. 5 The term “Indian Army” came into official use following Kitchener ’s reorganisation in 1903 to distinguish between British officered Indian regiments and regiments of the British Army serving in India. Prior to 1903, the term “Army in India” was used to refer collectively to the Bengal, Madras and Bombay Armies and the British and European regiments garrisoned in India.
It was not simply a case of providing military employment to the Punjabis as a reward for good and loyal services; rather, the questions persisted: what should be done with the Punjabi regiments that had been called to arms during the Mutiny? Should they be disarmed now that the crisis was over, or was it safe enough, at this stage, to include large numbers of Punjabis in the colonial army? If so, what numbers of Punjabis could safely be recruited into the army, and how would the recruitment of Punjabis serve the interests of the colonial army, and ultimately of British rule in India?
The Garrison State: Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947 by Tan Tai Yong