Get The End of War PDF

By John Horgan

ISBN-10: 1938073045

ISBN-13: 9781938073045

Warfare is a truth of human nature. so long as we exist, it exists. That's how the argument goes.

But longtime Scientific American author John Horgan disagrees. using the clinical strategy to conflict leads Horgan to an intensive end: biologically conversing, we're simply as more likely to be peaceable as violent. battle isn't really preordained, and in addition, it's going to be considered a solvable, clinical problem—like curing melanoma. yet battle and melanoma fluctuate in at the least one an important approach: while melanoma is a obdurate element of nature, warfare is our construction. It’s our selection no matter if to unmake it or not.

In this compact, methodical treatise, Horgan examines dozens of examples and counterexamples—discussing chimpanzees and bonobos, warring and peaceable indigenous humans, the area struggle I and Vietnam, Margaret Mead and normal Sherman—as he reveals his technique to war’s advanced origins. Horgan argues for a far-reaching paradigm shift with profound implications for coverage scholars, ethicists, army women and men, academics, philosophers, or rather, any engaged citizen.

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The affinity with theology evident in several authors associated with critical theory raises the question of to what extent such theologisation is compatible with Marx’s theories. 4). 5). It focused less on religion as such than on the theologisation of social philosophy, which critical theory revived. By contrast, whenever professional twentieth-century theologians have picked up on elements of Marx’s thought, it was his critique of religion, and of the ways in which religion may be instrumentalised, to which they turned.

Marx felt the need to intensify his study of political economy after his own expectations of revolution had been disappointed twice (in 1848 and 1857). His own economic theory was a response to these disappointments. 5). The rhetoric of crisis has virtually no effect on the Programme’s concrete demands, which were formulated by Bernstein. The Programme demands, ‘immediately’, equal suffrage, democratic legislation, the replacement of the standing army by an ‘armed nation’, freedom of opinion, gender equality, the privatisation of religion, compulsory education and occupational safety measures; it also formulates demands related to the administration of justice and taxation.

Those who misunderstand the ‘laws’ presented by Marx as descriptions of the immediate phenomena of the present make those laws ‘susceptible to empirical refutation’35 as soon as other phenomena occur. This is true not only of Marx’s statements on the concentration of capital and unemployment, but also of those on crises, the tendency of the rate of profit to fall, and the labour theory of value. Marx’s approach was simple: the long-term interplay of forces can only be interpreted once their general logic has been understood.

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The End of War by John Horgan

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