By Martin Maiden, John Charles Smith, Adam Ledgeway
This Cambridge historical past is the main complete survey of the heritage of the Romance languages ever released in English. It engages with new and unique issues that replicate wider-ranging comparative matters, corresponding to the relation among diachrony and synchrony, morphosyntactic typology, pragmatic swap, the constitution of written Romance, and lexical balance. quantity 1 is equipped round the key recurrent subject matters of endurance (structural inheritance and continuity from Latin) and innovation (structural swap and loss in Romance). an immense and novel element of the quantity is that it accords endurance in Romance a spotlight in its personal correct instead of treating it easily because the historical past to the examine of switch. additionally, it explores the styles of innovation (including loss) in any respect linguistic degrees. the result's a wealthy structural heritage which marries jointly information and idea to provide new views at the structural evolution of the Romance languages.
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Additional info for The Cambridge History of the Romance Languages: Volume 1, Structures
The inﬂectional system seems to have atrophied in the ending -s, which is associated with the singular subject function (originally mainly masculine, but later spreading into third declension feminines), or an oblique plural function, or simply plural. 12 In all, case marking is better preserved in the singular than the plural (see Schøsler 2001b:170); and there is syncretism between the subject singular and oblique plural case forms in -s. Syncretism, like allomorphy, is inherited from Latin, but as fragments which are reorganized according to new patterns of paradigmatic relations.
Cataclysmic changes excepted (but not always, even then), innovation always passes through the remodelling of pre-existing structures: the material and the structures persist, albeit often in altered form, but their functions are redeﬁned. These principles are only apparently reﬂected in the ﬁrst theory, which considers the persistence of forms from an absolute, rather than relative, stance and interprets functions exclusively in semantic terms. The two sides of the sign, the static signiﬁer and the dynamic signiﬁed, are separated by diachrony.
But is this an analogical development that arose during the twelfth century and established itself in Chrestien and others, or a survivor of late Latin popular forms? The picture has been further complicated by the discussion of the problem in the context of investigating the dissolution of the two-case system. In fact the earlier phases need to be examined on their own terms. MANSION(E), UIRTUT(E), 29 Rosanna Sornicola The direction of the diachronic process doses not emerge clearly from an examination of the documentation, highly variable both geographically and textually.
The Cambridge History of the Romance Languages: Volume 1, Structures by Martin Maiden, John Charles Smith, Adam Ledgeway