Read e-book online The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism: The Middle Ages PDF

By Ian Johnson, Alastair Minnis

As well as the most traditions in Medieval Latin and Byzantine Greek, this complete creation to the literary conception and feedback produced in the course of the center a long time covers all significant eu vernaculars, starting from Irish to outdated Norse, from Occitan to heart excessive German and Italian. certain recognition is given to the contribution of Dante Alighieri and his commentators, besides the debates at the relative advantages of Latin and the Italian vernacular, and the literary attitudes of the early humanists

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38 The liberal arts and the arts of Latin textuality ninth-century library catalogues from St Gall, Reichenau and Lorsch, major centres of Carolingian literary culture.

The study of grammar in England had significant roots in the Irish tradition, but this is certainly not to say that it was either late or merely dependent. Well before Theodore and Hadrian arrived in Kent and gave a new impetus to Anglo-Saxon scholarship, Aldhelm (born c. 639 within a few years of Isidore’s death), had mastered his grammar, and appears to have been familiar with, inter alia, Donatus, Priscian, Servius and Isidore. 3 According to a commonly held but highly reductive grand narrative, the ‘Battle of the Liberal Arts’ (as characterised in Henri d’Andeli’s oft-quoted poem) was won by dialectic: traditional, ‘literary’ grammatica lost out to Aristotelian logic and metaphysics in the schools, and the Latin authors and the form of grammatica based on them were dropped from university curricula.

In the Anglo-Saxon world, the work of Aldhelm, Boniface, Bede, Alcuin, and Ælfric formed a Christian grammatica devoted to exegesis, reading, and knowledge of some of the liberal arts. Alcuin brought the broadly conceived model of grammatica to Charlemagne’s court, and the ninth and tenth centuries are characterised by a new interest in the classical auctores and in further systematising grammatical doctrine. Scholars like Remigius of Auxerre (c. 841–c. 908), who wrote commentaries and glosses on a wide range of texts used in the grammar curriculum, and Abbo of Fleury (c.

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The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism: The Middle Ages (Cambridge History of Literary Criticism, Volume 2) by Ian Johnson, Alastair Minnis


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