By Luna Dolezal
Each lady – certainly each member of an oppressed team – will locate this subject resonant. Dolezal argues that, whereas ‘acute’ physique disgrace is important to socialization (what Norbert Elias known as ‘the civilising process’), ‘chronic’ physique disgrace is undermining; its harmful power is exemplified when it comes to plastic surgery. Dolezal skilfully weaves jointly social concept (Elias, Foucault, Goffman) with phenomenology (Sartre, Merleau-Ponty) to stipulate a concept of the socially formed physique that would be required examining for feminists and social theorists alike.
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Extra info for The Body and Shame: Phenomenology, Feminism, and the Socially Shaped Body
Wu, and J. Schwartz, “Cross Cultural Similarities and Differences in Emotion and its Representation,” Review of Personality and Social Psychology vol. 13 (1992). 21. R. S. Edelstein and P. R. Shaver, “A Cross-cultural Examination of Lexican Studies of Self-Conscious Emotions,” in The Self-conscious Emotions: Theory and Research, ed. J. L. Tracy, R. W. Robins, and J. P. Tangney (New York: Guildford Press, 2007), 200. Cited in: Dan Zahavi, “Shame and the Exposed Self,” in Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism, ed.
21. R. S. Edelstein and P. R. Shaver, “A Cross-cultural Examination of Lexican Studies of Self-Conscious Emotions,” in The Self-conscious Emotions: Theory and Research, ed. J. L. Tracy, R. W. Robins, and J. P. Tangney (New York: Guildford Press, 2007), 200. Cited in: Dan Zahavi, “Shame and the Exposed Self,” in Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism, ed. Jonathan Webber (London: Routledge, 2010), 224–225. 14 Chapter 1 22. Scheff, “Unpacking the Civilizing Process,” 104. See also: Joan Metge, In and Out of Touch: Whakamaa in Cross Cultural Perspective (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 1986).
Hence in the following two chapters, I will consider body shame across three distinct layers or levels. First, I will explore experiences of individual subjectivities, outlining a phenomenological account of the experience of body shame, primarily employing Merleau-Ponty’s ideas about embodied subjectivity. Second, I will turn to Jean-Paul Sartre to discuss the significance of intersubjective relations in the constitution of embodied subjectivity, examining body shame as an event within intersubjectivity and intercorporeality.
The Body and Shame: Phenomenology, Feminism, and the Socially Shaped Body by Luna Dolezal