By Colin Sumner
The essays hide a variety of issues and issues: - the social development of crime- family among classification, gender, race and crime- realities and boundaries of legal justice- juvenile delinquency and its therapy- the luck of punishment and rehabilitation- legit statistical styles of criminalization and their relation to the country and its guidelines- the elevated significance of mass media and new info structures in defining, portraying, and speaking crime- overseas crimes and their relation with globalization and the worldwide social order- the potential for social keep an eye on after a century of violenceWritten accessibly, that includes a world point of view and quality scholarship, this is often actually the 1st worldwide guide of criminology.
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Extra resources for The Blackwell companion to criminology
It connotes a bygone age of integrated communities, welfare states, militant trade 24 COLIN SUMNER unions, and class politics. In the UK, politicians avoid it for electoral success and the public associates it with a bleeding-heart liberalism exempting offenders from individual responsibility. If it has any residual active and positive meaning in a contemporary sociology which has largely rendered it an anodyne abstraction, it refers to the cultural dimension of human life, standing in opposition to the economic and political.
The products of faulty socialization, not social inequality or discrimination, they simply needed resocialization and the "social problem" would be resolved. Not all sociologists fell in with this new postwar conservatism. Interactionism retained a critical edge. Edwin Lemert (see Sumner 1994: ch. 8; Lemert and Winter 2000), for example, noted the fact that cultural definitions of deviance rarely seemed to apply to bankers, politicians, generals or industrialists and remained the expressions of elite values, and Goffman (1968a) acutely observed the detail of society's cynicism in searching for (what Cohen  later called) "folk devils" to quench its thirst for an enemy and action.
Instead, we were given a long sentence in the punitive pedagogy of social science: social deviations were said to be the result of the breakdown of social norms in social interaction, brought about by faulty socialization into social roles and institutions by weak parents and by a lack of social integration into well-defined communities. Everything had become social or cultural, but capitalism and the state still got off scot-free, and students could be forgiven for producing statements like "crime is a product of social, cultural and political contexts," which blurred the meaning of the social and undermined its distinctiveness.
The Blackwell companion to criminology by Colin Sumner