By Émile Durkheim
First released in English in 1953, this quantity represents a set of 3 essays written via seminal sociologist and thinker Emile Durkheim within which he places ahead the thesis that society is either a dynamic approach and the seat of ethical existence. every one essay stands on my own, yet their connecting thread is the dialectic demonstration phenomenon, be a sociological or mental one, is comparatively autonomous of its matrix.
The essays offer a priceless perception into Durkeheimian inspiration on sociological and philsophical issues and supply an outstanding advisor to Durkheim for college students of either disciplines.
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Extra info for Sociology and Philosophy (Routledge Revivals: Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings in Social Theory)
If Durkheim refused to deny the originality of mental life in the realm of theoretical philosophy, so much the more did he stress its value in the field of practical phil osophy. This conviction is at the root of his constant op position to purely utilitarian tendencies in morality, as also to the limitations with which he charged the organicist theory. When Durkheim says that ‘morality begins in the mem bership of a group’, and when he is seen to subordinate personal to social duties and demonstrate finally that today the primary duty of man is to carry out his pro fessional duties, several people concluded that his doctrine tended to reduce individuals to the role of organs and that he saw moral rules as above all maintaining the cohesion, persistence and life of the great organisms which are social beings.
P. D xxxiii This page intentionally left blank PREFACE TO THE ORIGINAL EDITION E have collected and now publish some essays by Emile Durkheim which appeared recently in the Revue de Metaphysique et de Morale and in the Bulletin de la Sociétéfrançaise de Philosophie. They all have one thing in common in that they throw light upon Durkheim’s thought, not only about this or that particular sociological problem but also about the general problems that ordinarily occupy philosophers— the relation of spirit to matter, conscience and nature, reason and sensibility.
The representation, it is main tained, has no power of retaining itself as such. When a sensation, image, or idea is no longer presented to us it ceases to exist, without leaving the slightest trace. The organic impression which preceded the representation does not, however, disappear completely. What remains is a modification of the nerve elements involved which will predispose them to vibrate again as they vibrated on the first occasion. Subjected to any further stimulus this same vibration will be reproduced; there results in the mind the psychic state which appeared before, in the same conditions, at the time of the first experience.
Sociology and Philosophy (Routledge Revivals: Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings in Social Theory) by Émile Durkheim