By David Macarov
The historical past, motivations, affects and important matters in social welfare coverage and perform are tested during this e-book. David Macarov explains how social welfare coverage originated and the way it really is maintained in the course of the interplay of 5 motivations: mutual relief, faith, politics, economics and beliefs. He discusses the key contributions to the advance of social welfare from the prestigious figures of Martin Luther, Adam Smith and Charles Darwin. The ebook concludes with an exam of poverty and unemployment and a assessment of coverage responses to those social difficulties.
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Extra info for Social Welfare: Structure and Practice
Some societies hold that education is the family's responsibility, religion the church's, and defense the government's. Others have entrusted religion to the family, education to the state, and health to voluntary organizations. Transnational studies indicate a number of addi tional permutations. The same is true of social welfare. However, because mutual aid is one of the most distinguishing characteristics of families, and because the family is the basic unit in most societies, social welfare policy is inevitably affected by the extent to which families engage in mutual aid.
Those who subscribe to recapitulation theory, which holds that the stages of the species' evolution are repeated in individual development, often argue that the need to become a member of a group is programmed into the human phylogeny. Others may not accept recapitulation but nevertheless emphasize that the individual "self cannot emerge as a distinct entity without constant reference to other selves in the human community. "3 The dependence of individuals upon mutual aid is nowhere more dramati cally illustrated than in the universal experience of birth.
Such programs include veterans' bonuses after World War I and the GI Bill of Rights after World War II. Indeed, all Veterans' Administration programs can be seen the same way. IN-KIND PROGRAMS Programs that give material goods sometimes offer the goods directly— food, clothing, toys for Christmas, or the like. Meals on Wheels for the elderly and hot lunches for schoolchildren provide this type of in-kind benefits. Perhaps the most widespread in-kind benefit in the United States today is the Food Stamp Program, which distributes stamps that can be used to buy food.
Social Welfare: Structure and Practice by David Macarov