By David J. Rothman and Stanton Wheeler (Eds.)
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Extra resources for Social History and Social Policy
Some hospitals and medical schools did have 10 The Filed Papers of the Board of Governors, New York Hospital Archives, New York City (hereafter abbreviated as NYHA), contain numerous testimonials documenting the network of association suggested here. For their formal rules, see An Account of the New York Hospital (New York, 1820), p. 24. 1 trustees did so in part because it promised benefits to the entire community, not just those few who found themselves in hospital beds. " Address of the Trustees of the Massachusetts General Hospital, to the Subscribers and to the Public ([Boston, 1822]), p.
13 This was a significant event in the history of both the hospital and medical education in America. Lay trustees also came into conflict with medical staff members when they sought to impose what seemed to them a proper discipline on their physicians. Throughout the century, senior attending physicians might prove themselves unreliable in appearing at stated visiting hours (even though such physicians rotated their tenure of responsibility, holding 12 William Hamersley to William Bayard, Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 1822, New-York Historical Society, New York City.
As if to make up for this failure of discipline, trustees sought all the more energetically to control the behavior of those fledgling practitioners who served as resident house staff. In their unquestioned view of themselves as stewards of an institution populated and staffed by moral and economic minors, lay trustees felt strongly that young physicians must submit to their authority. This meant in practice that house officers had to accept the surveillance of a lay superintendent, ask permission to leave the hospital building, and observe bylaws that forbade drinking, gambling, and the most casual socializing with nurses.
Social History and Social Policy by David J. Rothman and Stanton Wheeler (Eds.)