By Susan Dewey, Tiantian Zheng, Treena Orchard
Sex paintings maintains to impress debatable felony and public coverage debates world-wide that elevate primary questions on the state’s position in maintaining person rights, established order social kinfolk, and public overall healthiness. This publication unites ethnographic learn from China, Canada, and the us to argue that criminalization ends up in a totalizing set of unfavorable results for intercourse employees’ health and wellbeing, protection, and human rights. Such effects are enabled in the course of the operations of an exclusionary regime, a dense coalescence of punitive forces that includes either governance, within the type of the felony justice procedure and different country brokers, and dynamic interpersonal encounters during which members either implement and negotiate stigma-related discrimination opposed to intercourse employees. bankruptcy demonstrates how criminalization harms intercourse staff via setting apart their paintings to probably harmful destinations, fostering distrust of authority figures, additional proscribing their skills to discover criminal paintings and housing, and limiting probabilities for collective rights-based organizing. Criminalized intercourse staff record police harassment, seizure of condoms, and opposed police-sex employee kinfolk that allow others to abuse them with impunity. bankruptcy 3 describes how intercourse staff negotiate those regulations on their rights and private autonomy through their arrest avoidance and shopper administration techniques, self-treatment of overall healthiness concerns, selective mutual relief, rights-based organizing, and entrenchment in intercourse paintings or different criminalized actions. bankruptcy 4 describes how researchers operating in nations or locales that criminalize intercourse paintings face moral issues in addition to obstacles to their paintings on the sensible, institutional, and political levels.
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Extra resources for Sex Workers and Criminalization in North America and China: Ethical and Legal Issues in Exclusionary Regimes
This was one of the ways through which the police were able to locate and arrest hostesses, who usually avoided these high-cost hospitals and sought healthcare from low quality, low-priced, unlicensed clinics, run by unqualiﬁed practitioners without any formal medical training. Occasionally when they needed serious surgeries or their regular clients had personal networks with certain doctors, they would go to hospitals for treatment. Most often they visited these unlicensed, cheap clinics, where quack doctors would offer fast, temporary symptom relief through antibiotic shots, often at the expense of hostesses’ long-term suffering.
This was tragically illustrated in the case of Robert Pickton in Coquitlam, British Columbia, who admitted to killing 49 sex workers in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside in the late 1990s-early 2000s. He expressed chilling impunity when explaining that he murdered these women not only because he hated them, but because no one would miss them (Cameron 2010). As the following three case studies from China, Canada, and the United States demonstrate, the criminalization of prostitution severely compromises the health and safety of women who sell or trade sex.
State and County Quickfacts: Denver. Washington, DC: US Census Bureau. html. , and M. Panichelli. 2013. Ethical and Human Rights Issues in Coercive Interventions with Sex Workers. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work 28(4): 344–349. Walmsley, R. 2013. World Prison Population List, 10th ed. London: International Centre for Prison Studies. Weitzer, R. 2011. Legalizing Prostitution: From Illicit Vice to Lawful Business. New York: New York University Press. World Health Organization, UNFPA, UNAIDS, NSWP, and World Bank.
Sex Workers and Criminalization in North America and China: Ethical and Legal Issues in Exclusionary Regimes by Susan Dewey, Tiantian Zheng, Treena Orchard