By Sacha Stern
Sects and sectarianism are well known topics in Jewish background, however the which means of those phrases is elusive, frequently elevating extra difficulties than recommendations. This quantity, drawing at the services of a variety of students, examines a number of Jewish teams from Antiquity to the current day which were characteristically pointed out as sects or as sectarian, together with such a lot famously the Qumran neighborhood and the Qaraites. It questions even if sect and sectarianism are applicable or powerful as historic different types for the translation of social and non secular pursuits in Jewish historical past
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Extra info for Sects and Sectarianism in Jewish History
First, in utilizing concepts from the social sciences to understand ancient Jewish groups there is the danger that the results will be trivial—that one may pile up relatively insignificant parallels and become an example of the old saw directed against sociologists that they never teach anything both interesting and new. If their results are interesting they are not new, and if they are new they are not interesting. Since “orphan passages” were overlooked by numerous scholars, saying something about them cannot be dismissed as a trivial parallel: it is both new and interesting.
It is of course a truism that Judaism by the first century CE was very varied. 4 It is possible to find at least one type of Jew from this period who was presumably pious in his own eyes but who failed to conform to most of the characteristics identified by Ed Sanders as constitutive of ‘common Judaism’ (most obviously the extreme allegorists attacked by Philo in De Migratione Abrahami),5 but a lowest common denominator which includes even such Jews remains: it is empirically the case that all those individuals and groups who presented themselves in this period as pious Jews worshipped the God who was worshipped in Jerusalem, and accepted that the Torah, enshrined in the Pentateuch, encapsulates a covenant between God and Israel incumbent on all Jews.
A Rejoinder to Albert Baumgarten,’ Dead Sea Discoveries 14 (2007) 25–33. I intend to write a full-scale response to Broshi’s arguments elsewhere. , 27–28). These theories have nothing to do with the case I argued and are theories which I also reject. 20 See R. N. ), Anchor Bible Dictionary, vol. 1 (New York, 1992) 789–793; eadem, ‘Burial Practices at Qumran,’ Revue de Qumran 16 (1993) 247–264. See also B. Berkowitz, Execution and Invention (Oxford, 2006) 135–136. In the rare instances in which a complex of dug field graves, with a deep shaft, has been found outside of Qumran, the likelihood that it was created by some sort of Essene/Qumran type community has been suggested.
Sects and Sectarianism in Jewish History by Sacha Stern