By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board
NMFS has a tough and intricate job in dealing with U.S. marine fisheries. regardless of a few successes, too many shares proceed to say no. during the last decade, numerous difficulties were pointed out that experience contributed to the present dissatisfaction with how marine fisheries are controlled. This dissatisfaction is clear from the big variety of complaints filed by means of the fishing and environmental corporations. One principal challenge is overfishing. Overfishing concerns were mentioned in a chain of NRC stories, and those reviews determine overcapitalization, and technological and equipment advancements as the various factors. The studies suggest how you can stem those difficulties and to develop the perform of fishery technology at NMFS. This file reiterates a few of these innovations, and makes new techniques to reinforce using info and technological know-how for fisheries management.
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Extra info for Science and Its Role in the National Marine Fisheries Service
NMFS provides the personnel for developing and evaluating stock assessments, but the councils and their advisory groups also provide expertise. Council advisory committees—in which NMFS scientists, council staff, and independent scientists (such as council scientific and statistical committees) participate—provide analysis, review, advice, and judgment as to the adequacy of stock assessments. In some instances, scientists independent of those entities are called on to provide additional analyses, review, advice, and commentary.
Specifically, at the NMFS-council organizational level, a clearer identification of responsibility and authority for providing information, conducting analyses, and making management decisions is required. The transmission of scientific information can be limited by the nature of the information and the real or perceived motivations of those developing it. Do regional council members see reports by NMFS as information or as advice? Can, or should, NMFS and the various advisory groups warn councils when particular mandates of the MSFCMA are not being met?
A recent NMFS report recommended that the regional FMCs develop fishery ecosystem plans (FEPs) for major fished ecosystems in each council region (NMFS, 1999). Regional FMCs and NMFS are responding to that recommendation, and plans for FEPs are being considered. If adopted, the FEPs will further challenge NMFS to conduct, interpret, and review ecosystem science in support of fisheries management. Part of the challenge will be to coordinate ecosystem science efforts effectively with other federal agencies, state agencies, and academic institutions.
Science and Its Role in the National Marine Fisheries Service by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board