John P. Rafferty (editor)'s Rocks (Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks) PDF

By John P. Rafferty (editor)

ISBN-10: 1615305416

ISBN-13: 9781615305414

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Additional info for Rocks (Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks)

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25(109) years. 327 ergs per gram per second. The rate of radioactive decay, statistically an exponential process, is given by the half-life, t1/2. The half-life is the time required for half the original radioactive atoms to decay for a particular isotope. 56 nental crust Source: Modified from compilation by William Van Schmus in Robert S. , Handbook of Physical Properties of Rocks, vol. III, CRC Press, Inc. (1984). , felsic, or less mafic). This results because these rocks are differentiated by partial melting of the upper-mantle and oceanic-crust rock.

These elastic constants include the following: (1) Young’s modulus (E) is the ratio of the applied stress to the fractional extension (or shortening) of the sample length parallel to the tension (or compression). The strain is the linear change in dimension divided by the original length. (2) Shear modulus (μ) is the ratio of the applied stress to the distortion (rotation) of a plane originally perpendicular to the applied shear stress; it is also termed the modulus of rigidity. 17 7 Rocks 7 (3) Bulk modulus (k) is the ratio of the confining pressure to the fractional reduction of volume in response to the applied hydrostatic pressure.

The half-life is the time required for half the original radioactive atoms to decay for a particular isotope. 56 nental crust Source: Modified from compilation by William Van Schmus in Robert S. , Handbook of Physical Properties of Rocks, vol. III, CRC Press, Inc. (1984). , felsic, or less mafic). This results because these rocks are differentiated by partial melting of the upper-mantle and oceanic-crust rock. The radioactive elements tend to be preferentially driven off from these rocks for geochemical reasons.

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Rocks (Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks) by John P. Rafferty (editor)


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