By Meyer Fortes , Edmund Leach , Jack Goody , Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah Ladislav Holy
One of the Berti of Northern Darfur (Sudan), as between many Muslim societies, the formal non secular practices are predominantly the fear of guys, whereas neighborhood, unorthodox normal rituals are played ordinarily by means of girls. it really is ordinary to brush aside such neighborhood, renowned practices as pre-Islamic survivals, yet Professor Holy exhibits that the generic rituals represent an essential component of the spiritual method of the Berti. conscientiously analysing the symbolic statements made in Berti rituals, Professor Holy demonstrates that the excellence among the 2 sessions of rituals is an expression of the gender relationships attribute of the society. He additionally examines the social distribution of data approximately Islam, and explains the position of the spiritual colleges in maintaining non secular principles. The paintings isn't just an ethnographic research of formality, trust and gender in an African society. It additionally makes an important contribution to present anthropological dialogue of the translation and which means of rituals and emblems.
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Additional resources for Religion and Custom in a Muslim Society: The Berti of Sudan
The teacher often reveals his knowledge of the 'secrets' of the Koran to only a few of his favourite students. The faki usually ends his apprenticeship by staging a large sacrifice in his own village attended by people from many neighbouring villages. During the sacrifice it is announced how many times he recited the whole Koran from memory or, as the Berti express it, 'how many times he memorised the Koran'. The general feeling is that it should be done at least three times before a man can be considered to be a really good faki.
Men then assemble in the village mosque while women return to their houses to prepare food. A bull is usually sacrificed and, as well as the meat, several dishes of millet gruel and relish are brought to the mosque where they are consumed by the men as kardma (offering to God). Women assemble in or behind one of the homesteads for their separate kardma. In the afternoon, men and women move around in separate small groups to visit all the homesteads in the village and to wish their inhabitants well.
A village faki may also occasionally write amulets, perform divinations or write Koranic verses on a wooden slate to be washed away with water which is then drunk as a medicine. But these last three activities are more often performed by other fugard than the village faki. Different fugard tend to specialise in a particular activity or have acquired the reputation for being good at it and their services are sought by people from far away and become a lucrative source of income. Amulets An amulet (hijdb, protector; pi.
Religion and Custom in a Muslim Society: The Berti of Sudan by Meyer Fortes , Edmund Leach , Jack Goody , Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah Ladislav Holy