By David Denney
Racism and Anti-Racism in Probation analyses the advanced tactics during which black everyone is taken care of differentially through the probation carrier. Drawing on certain ethnographic fabric, David Denney exhibits how conventions utilized by probation officials can discriminate opposed to black humans. He considers the results of contemporary alterations in penal coverage at the improvement of probation paintings and considers how destiny advancements could lead on to an anti-racist type of probation perform.
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Extra info for Racism and Anti-Racism in Probation
It will be argued later that an apparently positive non-custodial recommendation can be worded in such a way as to make it a less attractive option to the courts. Shallice and Gordon (1990) introduce an important new dimension to the corpus of knowledge in this area. The suggestion that the relatively severe report recommendations on black people are more likely to be followed by sentencers could result in black defendants being moved up the sentencing tariff system more quickly than white defendants.
Explanations of black crime were more likely to be expressed in social-enquiry reports on black offenders than they were in socialenquiry reports on white offenders. Probation officers, how-ever, were less likely to offer explanations of black offending in interviews than they were of white offending. In part b records, one of the most obvious incongruities occurred between the frequency with which explanations were offered in the case of black and white offenders. Almost twice the number of explanations were given in part c records on black offenders than on white offenders.
De la Motta analyses two distinctive styles of writing social-enquiry reports. There are, she argues, probation officers who make firm recommendations and those who do not. Fundamentally, the officers who fell into the former category attempted to create a context for the offence. In relation to the widespread urban disturbances of 1981, for instance, one officer described the feelings of insecurity and fear which permeated the area on a particular night. e. public order offences. In 1986 Waters undertook a study involving an analysis of 24 social-enquiry reports on black and Asian defendants, with the assistance of a ‘multi-racial panel’ who helped to score and classify all references to race, ethnicity and culture in reports on a positive and negative continuum.
Racism and Anti-Racism in Probation by David Denney