By Mary Rogan
This booklet is the 1st exam of the background of criminal coverage in eire. regardless of sharing a criminal and penal background with the uk, Ireland’s legal coverage has taken a special direction. This publication examines how penal-welfarism used to be skilled in eire, laying off additional gentle at the nature of this idea as built via David Garland. whereas the ebook has an Irish concentration, it has a theoretical resonance a ways past eire. This ebook investigates and describes felony coverage in eire because the starting place of the kingdom in 1922, analyzes and assesses the criteria influencing coverage in this interval and explores and examines the hyperlinks among felony coverage and the broader social, financial, political and cultural improvement of the Irish kingdom.
It additionally explores how Irish criminal coverage has come to tackle its specific personality, with relatively low felony numbers, major reliance on brief sentences and a policy-making weather during which lengthy sessions of forget are interspersed with bursts of political job all fashionable good points.
Drawing at the rising scholarship of coverage research, the booklet argues that it is just via shut realization to the best way coverage is shaped that we'll absolutely comprehend the character of criminal coverage. moreover, the e-book examines the impact of political imprisonment within the Republic of eire, which, earlier, has remained really unexplored.
This booklet can be of targeted curiosity to scholars of criminology inside eire, but in addition of relevance to scholars of comparative legal justice, criminology and legal justice coverage making within the united kingdom and beyond.
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Extra resources for Prison Policy in Ireland: Politics, Penal-Welfarism and Political Imprisonment
As O’Halpin points out, the government reconciled these positions by letting ‘the republican rank and file go free in dribs and drabs’ (O’Halpin 1999a: 42). The declining numbers of internees and sentenced political prisoners removed some of the pressure on the state’s system of detention and its prisons in particular. However, the presence of the large numbers who remained continued to have an impact on prison policy in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War. These prisoners and detainees became increasingly disgruntled with their ongoing detention.
These include prison escapes, high-profile crimes, miscarriages of justice and riotous assemblies, as well as altering political fortunes and eruptions. As Rock has commented, policy-making would ‘be an otherwise smooth metamorphosis were it not for the sudden lurches and opportunities imposed by uncontrollable problems of timing and context’ (Rock 1995: 16). The matrix of policy formation There is no doubting the ‘messiness’ or volatility of policy-making, which is as influenced by empirical evidence and knowledge as it is by moral sentiment, cultural changes, political opportunism and expediency, vested interests and ‘habit’ (Ruth and Reitz 2003).
Many more were sentenced to death, but remained in prison. It is clear that the use From Independence to the ‘Emergency’â•… 25 of executions was a further military tactic employed in an attempt to end the hostilities by cowing those engaged in such operations against the government. Reaction of detainees: resistance and organisation A vital element of the climate surrounding the implementation of the government’s policies within the prisons and internment camps is the vociferous reaction of a great many of those detained.
Prison Policy in Ireland: Politics, Penal-Welfarism and Political Imprisonment by Mary Rogan