By Michael Sheppard
First released in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Extra resources for Prevention and Coping in Child and Family Care: Mothers in Adversity Coping With Child Care
301) that it is ‘efforts, both action oriented and intra-psychic, to manage (that is to master, tolerate, reduce, minimise) environmental and personal demands and conflicts…which tax or exceed a person’s resources’. Sarafino (1998) describes it as ‘the process by which people try to manage the perceived discrepancy between the demands and resources they appraise in a stressful situation’. Stress and the primary appraisal of threat The start point for understanding coping is, therefore, stress. Stress can be seen as a response to particular, difficult circumstances confronted by individuals.
Furthermore, evidence emerged that placement changes (breakdown) occurred in over half the children coming into care within the first six months, and many long-term placements were made in a hurry following previous breakdown (Berridge and Cleaver 1987). Finding an adequate match between child and substitute family was not straightforward. Furthermore, the longer the period in care grew, the less likely were the family to remain in contact with the child. Milham et al. (1986) found that barriers experienced by children and parents Policy, Prevention and Practice 29 were key factors in limiting or eliminating contact between them.
Indeed, only one third of the 6 per cent of the families where health visitors had concerns about possible abuse were in receipt of social work intervention. In other cases, the traditional role of monitoring was being carried out by the health visitor herself. Many families about which health visitors had considerable concerns, and whom they felt could benefit from social work intervention, were nevertheless not referred, because the threshold expected was too high. This is consistent with the very high level of problems and needs consistently found in studies of child care social work practice.
Prevention and Coping in Child and Family Care: Mothers in Adversity Coping With Child Care by Michael Sheppard