By Esther D. Rothblum, Lynne A. Bond
As well as the stresses of way of life, homosexual males, lesbians and bisexuals event a number of pressures and constraints regarding their selected life. This quantity examines the homosexual and lesbian adventure in gentle of this extra rigidity - which may end up in psychopathology - and issues in the direction of a destiny freed from heterosexism.
The across the world well known members argue that the tension of `coming out', uncertainties bearing on parenting little ones, and the problems dealing with ethnic minority lesbians, homosexual males and bisexuals can't be effectively addressed with out confronting the heterosexual bias in society. They suggest tools geared in the direction of getting rid of heterosexual bias in a couple of settings, together with wellbeing and fitness
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Extra info for Preventing Heterosexism and Homophobia
1). Other mental health professionals have described homophobia as "a severe disturbance" (Freedman, 1978, p. 320) and as "a mental health issue of the first magnitude" (Marmor, 1980, p. 1). Psychologists have described homo phobes as authoritarian, dogmatic, and sexually rigid individuals who have low levels of ego development and suffer from a whole range of personal problems and difficulties in their relationships (Hudson & Ricketts, 1980; MacDonald & Games, 1974; Weis & Dain, 1979). Not only does this concept reinforce the power of psychology to label people as sick or mentally healthy at will; it also depoliticizes lesbian and gay oppression by suggesting that it comes from the personal inadequacy of particular individuals suffering from a diagnosable phobia.
When institutions such as Penn State, UC-Santa Cruz, and UMASS-Amherst sponsored surveys to measure atti tudes of students and employees toward gay and lesbian issues as well as to describe the current climate for gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals on campus, their findings provided much information for addressing the ways to improve the situation for all involved (Nelson & Baker, 1990; Tierney, 1992b; Yeskel, 1985). The results of these comprehensive surveys indicate that the campuses do not provide a safe and open environment for lesbians, gay men, and bisexual students, faculty, and staff.
The focus is yet again shifted away from the Speaking of Oppression 9 First, in defining fear of homosexuality as irrational, as a phobia, the concept of homophobia is completely at odds with radical lesbian feminist theory. The term homophobia assumes a political or ideological position in which homosexuals are basically the same as heterosexuals and do not challenge or threaten society—a political position that is not argued or made explicit but is simply assumed. We cannot think of lesbianism as a challenge to heteropatriarchal structures and values (as radical feminists do) and simultaneously claim that there are no reasonable grounds for heterosexual men (or women) to fear lesbians.
Preventing Heterosexism and Homophobia by Esther D. Rothblum, Lynne A. Bond