Download e-book for kindle: Plagues in World History by John Aberth

By John Aberth

ISBN-10: 1442207965

ISBN-13: 9781442207967

Plagues in international background offers a concise, comparative international background of catastrophic infectious illnesses, together with plague, smallpox, tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, and AIDS. Geographically, those illnesses have unfold around the whole globe; temporally, they stretch from the 6th century to the current. John Aberth considers not just the numerous influence that disorder has had upon human background but additionally the numerous ways that humans were capable of effect illnesses easily via their cultural attitudes towards them. the writer argues that the facility of people to change sickness, even with no the fashionable wonders of antibiotic medicinal drugs and different scientific remedies, is a good extra the most important lesson to profit now that AIDS, swine flu, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and different probably incurable health problems have raged around the globe. Aberth's comparative research of ways varied societies have replied long ago to illness illuminates what cultural ways were and may...

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In 649 this new fleet was adequate to sustain an invasion of Cypress; Sicily and Rhodes were pil aged soon after. A major Muslim empire now ruled most of the Middle East and was free to continue spreading along the North African coast. But at this moment the Muslim conquests halted because a brutal civil war broke out within Islam and lasted for years. At issue were conflicting claims to be the true successor to Muhammad, which pitted Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law Ali against Muawiyah, cousin of the murdered caliph Uthman.

They ask: how could a bunch of desert barbarians rol over the large, trained armies of the “civilized” empires? As noted, many have attributed the Muslim conquests to an immense superiority of numbers, to hordes of Arabs riding out of the desert to overwhelm far smal er Byzantine and Persian forces. But desert tribes are never very large, and, in fact, the conquering Muslim armies usual y were substantial y smal er than the “civilized” armies they defeated. ” Final y, some historians have blamed the Byzantine and Persian losses on their being too civilized in contrast to fearless Islamic savages.

While Odo had been away gathering his forces, lack of opposition had encouraged Muslim arrogance, setting them up for a devastating defeat. They had constructed no defenses around their camp, had sent out no scouts to warn of an approaching threat, and may not even have posted sentries. Taken completely by surprise when the Franks attacked, the Muslims fled, many without their weapons or armor, and most of them were slaughtered by Frankish cavalry as they ran away. Al-Samh ibn Malik al-Khawlani was mortal y wounded.

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Plagues in World History by John Aberth

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