By Colin Reynolds, David Thomas, Peter Williams
This landmark e-book takes the fiftieth anniversary of the ebook of the seminal paper through the Danish scientist, Einer Steemann Nielsen, as an social gathering to evaluate the advance, current nation and way forward for the most important features in freshwater and marine plankton productiveness. each one bankruptcy of this crucial paintings has been written by way of internationally-acknowledged specialists within the topic, and the entire has been rigorously drawn jointly and edited to supply a ebook that's an important instrument and reference for all aquatic scientists.The booklet takes ascending temporal and spatial dimension scale as its framework - masking molecular to geological scales. Chapters contain studies of body structure and biochemistry, size of phytoplankton productiveness, the availability and uptake of food, variability in procedures and construction, the evolution of the carbon cycle, and ecosystems. the topic is determined in context with a bankruptcy overlaying the paintings of Steemann Nielsen, whose paintings encouraged the final 50 years of aquatic productiveness stories. historic points are mentioned including thought-provoking checks of contemporary technological techniques and the place destiny study emphasis could be focussed.Phytoplankton productiveness offers, in a single publication, innovative experiences and key evidence at the topic, making it an essential details resource for marine and freshwater biologists, oceanographers, ecologists, environmental scientists and plant scientists. Copies must also be on hand in libraries of any examine institution and collage as a reference for college kids, anywhere those matters are studied and taught.Also to be had from Blackwell PublishingAquatic PhotosynthesisP. Falkowski & J. Raven0-86542-387-3 Fisheries OceanographyEdited through P. Harrison & T. Parsons0-632-05566-9Marine Ecology (Journal)Published quarterlyISSN 0173-9565Fisheries Oceanography (Journal)Published 6 instances in step with yearISSN 1054-6006Freshwater Biology (Journal)Published monthlyISSN 0046-5070 the world over acknowledged editors and members. A landmark booklet in marine and freshwater biology. All significant facets lined in a transparent and consise reader-friendly demeanour. necessary for all these operating in aquatic sciences. publication may be introduced to coincide with significant foreign convention. For information see www.plankton-productivity.org
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Extra resources for Phytoplankton Productivity: Carbon Assimilation in Marine and Freshwater Ecology
In his various studies of the annual primary productivity cycle in the North Sea, Steemann Nielsen checked the consequences of long incubations and showed that the three-day procedure produced large artefacts due to bacterial growth in the dark bottle (Steemann Nielsen and Jensen, 1957). The contrast between the methodical, but innovative experimentalist, Steemann Nielsen, and Riley, the brilliant analytical thinker whose casual lab manner was legendary, could not have been greater. The message from this vignette is that the productivity methods of the pre-World War II period were good enough to reveal the temporal pattern but not good enough to answer quantitative questions involving primary productivity.
Chambers' (1912) review shows that basic knowledge was in hand to do that in either of two ways: measuring oxygen production with the Winkler method, or measuring carbon dioxide uptake by determining pH changes with indicator dyes. A method for measuring the uptake of phosphate and using a C to P ratio to calculate carbon production soon provided a third method (Mills, 1989). The stage was set for a saltatory advance in the study of plankton production. To assess the seasonal pattern of plant productivity, Apstein had used in situ changes in phytoplankton counts as early as 1910 in the Baltic Sea and Gran did so in Christiania Fjord about the same time.
Scandinavian and German laboratories never regained their pre-war hegemony; Great Britain was a de facto leader in biological oceanography in spite of a large post-war migration of young British oceanographers to the US and Canada where there was a plethora of job opportunities. The greatest change was the explosive growth of ocean sciences in the US and the USSR. The Cold War was in part a cultural rivalry, with science being one of the major areas of intense competition between the US and the USSR.
Phytoplankton Productivity: Carbon Assimilation in Marine and Freshwater Ecology by Colin Reynolds, David Thomas, Peter Williams