Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times by Michael Tonry PDF

By Michael Tonry

ISBN-10: 0195141253

ISBN-13: 9780195141252

ISBN-10: 1423738578

ISBN-13: 9781423738572

This quantity brings jointly a suite of articles on penal reform within the usa, Europe, Japan, and different English-speaking international locations. special and wide-ranging, the quantity presents fabric on penal coverage improvement and learn and offers a global, comparative concentration. Written through major nationwide and overseas professionals, it deals a number of the broadest efforts to symbolize contemporary penal traits and to research their factors and outcomes.

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Beneath the canopy, then, lots is happening. So far, restorative justice, community justice, and therapeutic jurisprudence have produced innumerable local programs but no systemwide transformations. But they could. S. Sentencing Systems Fragmenting (August 1999) Michael Tonry There is no longer anything that can be called "the American system" of sentencing. As recently as 1975, there was. It was usually called indeterminate sentencing, and it had changed little in the preceding 50 years. Its core features were broad authorized sentencing ranges, parole release, and casc-by-case decision making.

Second, continental Europe appears more receptive to rationalistic technology transfers than do the English-speaking countries. The acceptance of European Human Rights Convention obligations and the rapid dispersion of day fines, conditional dismissal policies, and community service are examples. The English have only grudgingly, after decades of foot dragging, accepted the Convention into English law, and the United States has refused to accept the application of any external human rights standards.

Indeterminate and comprehensive structured sentencing, by contrast, make little effort to elicit offenders' participation or agreement or to include victims or community members in the process. These are all complex concepts about which reasonable people differ. " For people who see the sentencing and corrections systems as primarily retributive in PENAL DEVELOPMENTS IN AMERICA 31 purpose and primarily concerned in practice with ordering and implementing deserved punishments, proportionality and desert are positive values and "disparity" is an evil to be avoided.

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Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times by Michael Tonry

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