By J. V. Koleske
The well-respected Gardner-Sward guide displays the numerous alterations within the paints and coatings undefined. Seventy-eight chapters cover:
Main polymeric species, colorants, detailed pigments, extenders, and ingredients utilized in the today
Analyses used to dissect and study a coating
Instruments utilized in the industry
Products of the and the way they're used and tested.
Read or Download Paint and Coating Testing Manual: Fourteenth Edition of the Gardner-Sward Handbook (Astm Manual Series) PDF
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Extra info for Paint and Coating Testing Manual: Fourteenth Edition of the Gardner-Sward Handbook (Astm Manual Series)
Various solvents are used to cut (solubilize) the asphalt, depending on the cure times required. The solvent predominantly used today is mineral spirits, with a flash point (tag closed cup) of 104~ (40~ Faster evaporating versions of these cutbacks have been used as primers for better substrate adhesion. These materials generally use faster aromatic solvents, including toluene, xylene, and the aromatic naphthas. The asphalt content varies from 30 to 70% by weight. The preceding materials, while they can, in the strictest sense, be considered coatings, are actually closer to adhesives in performance; that is, these coatings are applied to hold the reinforcing membranes together.
Aromatic processing oils have also been used for this purpose. Natural and synthetic waxes are added to prevent chipping from road debris. Given the severe penalties associated with contamination of groundwater, chemical and moisture-resistant coatings for containment dikes are being used more and more in the chemical process industry. Most state and local regulations require the use of a containment wall around every storage tank that may potentially rupture and contaminate the water table. Coatings for this application have included coal tar epoxies and coal tar resinous systems.
It has a high degree of u n s a t u r a t i o n , w h i c h i m p a r t s a short drying time, due to its large percentages of linolenic a n d linoleic triglycerides. It is m a r k e t e d in a n u m b e r of modifications including alkali-refined, acid-refined, boiled, blown, a n d p o l y m e r i z e d linseed oil . P o l y m e r i z e d linseed oils of various acid values a n d viscosities are available. Oiticica oil is o b t a i n e d f r o m the nuts of the tree Licana rigida. It has a very high licanic acid content, a n d the three c o n j u g a t e d d o u b l e b o n d s of this acid result in r a p i d drying characteristics.
Paint and Coating Testing Manual: Fourteenth Edition of the Gardner-Sward Handbook (Astm Manual Series) by J. V. Koleske