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By Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Committee on Military Nutrition Research, High-stress Situations, Committee on Optimization of Nutrient Composition of Military Rations for Short-term

ISBN-10: 0309096413

ISBN-13: 9780309096416

ISBN-10: 0309549825

ISBN-13: 9780309549820

Spotting the significance of excellent food for actual and psychological prestige, the dep. of protection requested the Institute of medication to steer the layout of the dietary composition of a ration for squaddies on temporary, high-stress missions. "Nutrient Composition of Rations for non permanent, High-Intensity wrestle Operations" considers army functionality, future health matters, nutrients consumption, power expenditure, physical exertion, and nutrition know-how concerns. The luck of army operations relies to a wide quantity at the actual and psychological prestige of the members concerned. applicable foodstuff in the course of attack missions is a continuing problem as a rule because of reduced appetites of people below stress.Many much less controllable and unpredictable components, akin to person personal tastes and weather, come into play to minimize urge for food. actually, squaddies often eat approximately half the energy wanted, leaving them in a country referred to as "negative power balance." the implications of being in unfavorable power stability whereas below those conditions variety from weight-loss to fatigue to psychological impairments. An individual's physiological and dietary prestige can markedly have an effect on one's skill to maximise functionality in the course of missions and will compromise effectiveness. With the variety of those missions expanding, the optimization of rations has develop into a excessive precedence.

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Additional info for Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations

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The Military Dietary Reference Intakes (MDRIs) are quantitative reference values for nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for the healthy military population. Operational and restricted rations are designed for military personnel in a wide variety of operations and settings to be used during limited periods of time. “Operational” rations are designed to be nutritionally adequate, whereas “restricted” rations are incomplete and used for shorter periods of time. See Table 1-1 for a comparison of nutrient reference values and energy levels for military rations and for the general population (Dietary Reference Intakes or DRIs).

Not Eating Enough. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. IOM. 2004a. Dietary Reference Intakes Tables—The Complete Set. [Online]. pdf [accessed February 24, 2005]. IOM. 2004b. Monitoring Metabolic Status. Predicting Decrements in Physiological and Cognitive Performance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Johnson RF, Merullo DJ, Montain SJ, Castellani JW. 2001. Marksmanship during simulated sustained operations. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 45th Annual Meeting, 2001.

The acceptability of these prototype food items has been tested in the laboratory and in garrison situations, and the results to date are promising (personal communication, A. Young, USARIEM, August 11, 2004). Although it is appropriate to initially conduct such tests, testing under the unique circumstances of a combat situation is a critical step to confirm acceptability and revisit the ration design if poorly accepted. Currently, these rations are being tested in the field, and results from those tests, as well as the recommendations in this report, are expected to help military food developers and nutritionists optimize the utility of the assault ration.

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Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations by Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Committee on Military Nutrition Research, High-stress Situations, Committee on Optimization of Nutrient Composition of Military Rations for Short-term


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