Muslims, Jews, and Pagans: Studies on Early Islamic Medina by Michael Lecker PDF

By Michael Lecker

ISBN-10: 9004102477

ISBN-13: 9789004102477

This article examines the to be had resource fabric at the `Uliya zone south of Medina at the eve of Islam and on the time of the Prophet Muhammad. It offers many of the worthy historical past for the learn of the Prophet's historical past by using, as well as the Prophet's biographies, quite a few texts concerning the historical past, geography and population of this region. the themes comprise the panorama, particularly the fortifications, the behind schedule conversion to Islam of elements of the Aws tribe, the Quba' village and the incident of Masjid al-Dirar in nine A.H. the 3 appendices take care of old apologetics, pointing to the social context during which the Prophet's biography emerged in the course of the first Islamic century.

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13. Levenson, Creation, 66-77. 14. Levenson, Creation, 121. 18 The Problem of Evil and its Symbols in Jewish and Christian Tradition unproven: (a) the creation story presupposes that God did not create the primordial creatures; (b) those creatures, the embodiment of evil, were believed not to have been utterly annihilated; (c) a New Year Festival, that focused on helping Yhwh to fight the powers of Evil, existed, and played a central role in the Israelite cult. Assuming that these claims are, at the least, not free from doubt, the question remains: was the very existence of evil a theological problem in biblical Israel?

B. Doyle; Historical Commentary on the Old Testament; Leuven: Peeters, 1998), 58-62. K. -J. Kraus, Klagelieder (Threni) (BKAT; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2nd edn, 1960), 15-18; B. Albrektson, 'The Background and Origin of the Theology of Lamentations', in idem, Studies in the Text and Theology of the Book of Lamentations (Studia Theologica Lundensia, 21; Lund: C. K. K. P. Re'emi, 'The Theology of Hope: A Commentary on the Book of Lamentations', in R. P. B. Salters, Jonah and Lamentations (OTG; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994), esp.

L. Greenstein, 'Lament over the Destruction of City and Temple in Early Israelite Literature', in Z. Talshir et al. (eds), Homage to Shmuel: Studies in the World of the Bible 34 The Problem of Evil and its Symbols in Jewish and Christian Tradition perspective, the Sumerian laments do not blame the destruction of Mesopotamian cities and temples by the high gods, An and Enlil, on the sins of the people. The gods have their own reasons or no reason at all. 31 The point should not be overstated, however; for while sin is occasionally mentioned in Lamentations, that sin is never specified.

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Muslims, Jews, and Pagans: Studies on Early Islamic Medina by Michael Lecker

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