By Massimo Alioto, Gaetano Palumbo
The main target of this booklet is to supply the reader with a deep knowing of modeling and layout recommendations of Current-Mode electronic circuits, in addition to to arrange in a coherent demeanour the entire unique and robust authors’ leads to the area of Current-Mode electronic circuits. version and layout of Bipolar and MOS Current-Mode common sense contains bipolar Current-Mode electronic circuits, which emerged as an method of become aware of electronic circuits with the top pace, and CMOS Current-Mode electronic circuits, which including its pace functionality has been rediscovered to permit common sense gates implementations having the characteristic of low noise point new release. version and layout of Bipolar and MOS Current-Mode common sense permits the reader not just to appreciate the working precept and the beneficial properties of bipolar and MOS Current-Mode electronic circuits, but in addition to layout optimized electronic gates. And, even if the cloth is gifted in a proper and theoretical demeanour, a lot emphasis is dedicated to a layout point of view. in addition, to extra hyperlink the book’s theoretical points with sensible concerns, and to supply the reader with an idea of the true order of value concerned assuming genuine applied sciences, numerical examples including SPICE simulations are incorporated within the ebook. version and layout of Bipolar and MOS Current-Mode good judgment can be utilized as a connection with working towards engineers operating during this quarter and as textual content publication to senior undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate scholars (already accustomed to digital circuits and common sense gates) who are looking to expand their wisdom and canopy all elements of the research and layout of Current-Mode electronic circuits.
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Extra info for Model and Design of Bipolar and MOS Current-Mode Logic: CML, ECL and SCL Digital Circuits
25 V. 21) symmetric with respect to the logic threshold. 15) in the former (see eq. 9) for an assigned value of RCISS. For this reason, for an assigned value of RCISS, noise margin in the single-ended case is about half as that of the differential gate (more precisely, the former is slightly lower than half of the latter). 3 for the single-ended gate. 3. 24) is used to size logic swing for a given noise margin requirement. Finally, it is interesting to note that the noise margin of both differential and single-ended CML gates linearly decreases as increasing temperature through factor VT, which is proportional to it.
2 is negligible for a fan-out N sufficiently low with respect to βF. For practical values of βF and N, effect M is usually negligible. 27) for which the same considerations reported above still hold. 4 Remarks and comparison of differential/single-ended gates In the following, comparison of the two topologies is carried out to justify why differential gates are generally preferred to single-ended ones. 2 has shown that differential CML gates have a better noise immunity by a factor slightly greater than 2, for a given value of RCISS.
2 THE BIPOLAR CURRENT-MODE INVERTER: INPUTOUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS AND NOISE MARGIN In CML gates, input and output voltages can be differential or singleended. Their static behavior is discussed in the following subsections in terms of logic swing VSWING, small-signal voltage gain AV and noise margin NM M. 3. e. 5) is symmetric with respect to it. 25 V is reported in Fig. 2. 3 vii (V) Fig. 2. 25 V. Regarding the small-signal voltage gain AV around the logic threshold, it is evaluated by linearizing the circuit in Fig.
Model and Design of Bipolar and MOS Current-Mode Logic: CML, ECL and SCL Digital Circuits by Massimo Alioto, Gaetano Palumbo