By Candace Kruttschnitt
The character of legal punishment has gone through profound swap within the usa in fresh many years. this example research of ladies serving time in California within the Sixties and Nineties examines this contemporary background. Drawing on archival facts, interviews, and surveys, the authors' research considers the relationships between professional philosophies and practices of imprisonment, women's responses to the felony regime, and family members among girls prisoners.
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Additional resources for Marking Time in the Golden State: Women’s Imprisonment in California
Remarkably, despite the legislature’s willingness to increase criminal penalties more generally, none of the bills criminalizing prenatal drug use was passed. Instead, at the urging of the medical profession and many women’s rights groups, state legislators chose to support a series of therapeutic responses to the problem, following in a long tradition of medicalizing rather than criminalizing problem women. 33 32 33 It is this sort of anxiety that Tyler and Boeckmann (1997) have identified as an important source of Californians’ punitive attitudes toward lawbreakers.
This suggests that women may have faced a greater likelihood of arrest for their violent offending in the 1990s than they had in earlier 34 nickname Loca and live up to it. ” The violent crime rate includes arrests for homicide, forcible rape, robbery, assault, and kidnapping. Arrests for assault account for, on average, between 80% and 90% of women’s arrests for violent crimes. 13:19 P1: KPP/JZK/KMN P2: JZP/JZK/KMN 052182558Xc02 CB754B/Kurttschnitt QC: JZP January 18, 2005 29 WOMEN, CRIME, AND PUNISHMENT IN CALIFORNIA 400 300 Female arrest rate, 200 Rate per 100,000 violent crimes Female arrest rate, 100 property crimes Female arrest rate, drug crimes 0 96 19 93 19 90 19 87 19 84 19 81 19 78 19 75 19 72 19 69 19 66 19 63 19 60 19 Figure 2-2.
California Crime Rates, 1960–1998 Source: California Bureau of Criminal Statistics. (Various years) Crime and Delinquency in California. Sacramento: California Department of Justice. Concerns about crime, as much criminological research has shown, often do not correlate strongly with trends in crime rates. It is perhaps not surprising, then, that in the last half of the 1960s when crime was increasing Californians appeared relatively uninterested in it. Public opinion polls rarely listed crime among the choices of “problems facing the state” that were offered to respondents.
Marking Time in the Golden State: Women’s Imprisonment in California by Candace Kruttschnitt