By Robert E. Manning, Laura E. Anderson, Peter Pettengill
This totally up-to-date moment version offers a conceptual framework of outside activity administration within the kind of a sequence of administration matrices. It then illustrates this framework via new and up to date case stories in US nationwide parks and concludes with the foundations of outside activity management.
Written by means of a workforce of authors with vast educational and useful adventure within the box of outside game, the book:
- Develops and offers a matrix-based framework of options and practices for dealing with outside game in a sustainable way.
- Illustrates purposes of the easiest administration practices via a sequence of case reviews in diversified nationwide parks.
- contains lecture slides and on-line matrices to help the instructing of outside sport administration to a brand new generation.
Managing outside activity, second Edition is a vital source for undergraduate and graduate scholars of parks, outside game, and comparable matters in addition to a valuable software for practitioners.
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Extra info for Managing outdoor recreation : case studies in the national parks
A second treatment also added ground level reminder signs—simple 4” × 4” wooden blocks with a “no walking” graphic—at all sites where social trails diverged from the designated trail. Visitor behavior was recorded by unobtrusive observers. 3%. , 2008), using two treatments and a control period. Both treatments asked visitors not to feed wildlife and included a brief explanation of the reason for this request. Treatment 1 used a sign posted near a popular wildlifefeeding area, whereas for treatment 2 a uniformed ranger delivered this message in person at the wildlife-feeding area.
1998; Leung and Marion, 2000). Different recreation activities can have more or less impact on trails. For example, Fig. 4 illustrates the relative impacts on trail tread composition of hiking, horses, and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs). Wildlife may alter their behavior around heavily used trails. In addition, visitors may experience crowding and/or conflict along trails with many, diverse users. For example, conflict may arise when hikers, horse riders, and mountain bikers share a trail. Campgrounds/campsites Millions of people spend the night at campgrounds and campsites in national parks and other units of the national park system each year.
Since this model does not address underlying behavioral variables, its effectiveness may be short term and dependent upon continued management action. A second theoretical model is the central route to persuasion. In this model, relevant beliefs of visitors are modified through delivery of substantive messages. New or modified beliefs then lead to desired changes in behavior. While this is a less direct and more complex model, it may result in more lasting behavioral modification. A third theoretical model of information and education is the peripheral route to 27 persuasion.
Managing outdoor recreation : case studies in the national parks by Robert E. Manning, Laura E. Anderson, Peter Pettengill