By Julia Kuznetsova
This monograph facilities on a gaggle of statistical tools known as linguistic profiles which have been built lately via researchers on the college of Tromso (Norway). those tools are in keeping with the statement that there's a powerful correlation among semantic and distributional houses of linguistic devices. This booklet discusses grammatical, semantic, constructional, collostructional and diachronic profiles."
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Additional info for Linguistic Profiles: Going from Form to Meaning Via Statistics
367). Constructional profiling solves both problems of behavioral profiles. First, the elements of the classification belong to one level; the classification is based only on constructions. Second, the set of variables used for the classification is independent from the researcher. That is, all the constructions in which the lexeme is found are explored; thus, there is no possibility that one of the relevant variables was excluded from the classification. : 387), which has all the advantages of the behavioral profiles method, but lacks its disadvantages.
The same question of differences between men’s and women’s speech is studied in Schmid (2003). He investigates a spoken subcorpus of the BNC focusing on lexical items from domains with expected male or female preponderance. Schmid contrasts utterances produced by men as opposed to women. His findings show that women more frequently use words from domains with expected female preponderance, and even from some of the domains that were supposed to be more frequent for men: for example swearwords and words from the domain of cars and traffic are more frequent in women’s speech than in men’s.
These verbs either mean to be in charge, like načal’stvovat’ ‘be chief’ or predvoditel’stvovat’ ‘chair’, or presuppose being in a leadership position, like otrjadit’ ‘dispatch, pomilovat’ ‘pardon’ or kurirovat’ ‘supervise’ – actions that you can perform only if you are in an executive position. The next five verbs refer to criminal activities of different 42 | Grammatical profiling and gender stereotypes types. These include illegal activities like robbing, stealing or extorting (ograbit’ ‘rob’, umyknut’ ‘go away with’, vymogat’ ‘extort’), as well as activities usually associated with illlegal behavior such as perelezat’ ‘climb over’, which is usually used with the object zabor ‘fence’ and refers to the situation of trespassing.
Linguistic Profiles: Going from Form to Meaning Via Statistics by Julia Kuznetsova