By Carmen M. Cusack
Legislation with regards to intercourse, being pregnant, and Infancy examines case legislations and laws with reference to copy, being pregnant, and infancy. Cusack explores the winding pathways of felony priority and motion at the social stipulations of being pregnant and childbirth, and attracts from legal and courtroom methods and behavioral technological know-how to figure out if the legislations is performing within the most sensible curiosity of these susceptible populations. Cusack surveys interpersonal, familial, and societal difficulties awarded all through historical past and presently dealing with modern generations, wondering even if the felony justice process can evolve to aid the growing to be wishes of its voters such a lot short of felony information.
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Extra info for Laws Relating to Sex, Pregnancy, and Infancy: Issues in Criminal Justice
Custody orders are relevant, but not necessary. Thus, court orders need not be violated for signatories’ Central Authorities to become involved. 34 ● Laws Relating to Sex, Pregnancy, and Infancy Fetus Theft Offenders may cut out babies from expectant mothers’ wombs. Some women and fetuses have survived, but many have not. Offenders are generally mentally ill and may suffer from delusions. Mentally ill men may attack women and remove fetuses, although in such cases male perpetration often relates to domestic violence.
Switching Samples Criminal offenders have purposefully contaminated sperm samples or other biological materials at reproductive clinics. These cases have been rare but their impacts are far-reaching. Some offenders have fathered numerous children by replacing sperm donors’ samples with their own semen. Tom Lippert’s case is a notable example because he had a criminal record and psychiatric history prior to working at a fertility clinic (Foy, 2014). His background was not checked prior to employment.
A guard’s subjective state of mind about the necessity of the shackles may be relevant. Also relevant is whether a guard could have inferred that shackles created a substantial risk of harm. In this case, guards knew that they were violating prison policy by shackling the inmate during labor. However, one guard’s testimony indicated a belief that the inmate was not in labor. That guard cited several examples where the inmate stated that she may not be in labor. Even after receiving an epidural, guards continued to believe that the inmate was experiencing illness or false labor.
Laws Relating to Sex, Pregnancy, and Infancy: Issues in Criminal Justice by Carmen M. Cusack