By Charles Spencer
January, 1649. After seven years of battling within the bloodiest conflict in Britain's heritage, Parliament had overpowered King Charles I and now confronted an issue: What to do with a defeated king, a king who refused to surrender?
Parliamentarians resolved to do the unthinkable, to ignore the Divine correct of Kings and carry Charles I to account for the appalling discomfort and slaughter continued via his humans. A tribunal of a hundred thirty five males used to be rapidly accumulated in London, and even though Charles refused to recognize the facility of his topics to aim him, the loss of life sentence used to be unanimously handed. On an icy winter's day on a scaffold outdoor Whitehall, in an occasion certain in English historical past, the King of britain used to be executed.
When the lifeless king's son, Charles II, used to be restored to the throne, he set approximately enacting a perilous wave of retribution opposed to all those—the attorneys, the judges, the officials at the scaffold—responsible for his father's dying. a few of the 'regicides'—the killers of the king—pleaded for mercy, whereas others stoically awaited their sentence. Many went into hiding in England, or fled to Europe or the United States. those that have been stuck and condemned suffered agonizing and degrading ends, whereas others observed out their days in hellish captivity.
Bestselling historian Charles Spencer explores this violent conflict of beliefs during the participants whose fates have been decided by way of that one, momentous determination. a strong story of revenge from the darkish middle of royal historical past and a desirable perception into the hazards of political and non secular allegiance in Stuart England, those are the stunning tales of the boys who dared to kill a king.
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Extra resources for Killers of the King: The Men Who Dared to Execute Charles I
C. Marsh for Thomas Henry Huxley after Marsh had shown his recently collected Western fossils to Huxley on his only visit to the United States. Marsh convinced his English visitor about this sequence, thus compelling Huxley to revamp his lecture on the evolution of horses given in New York in 1876. Note the steady decrease in number of toes and increase in height of teeth. Since Marsh drew all his specimens the same size, we do not see the other classical trend of increase in stature. * Second, all branches of the tree either die or ramify further.
17 presents a revised iconography reflecting the lessons of the Burgess Shale. The maximum range of anatomical possibilities arises with the first rush of diversification. * *I have struggled over a proper name for this phenomenon of massive elimination from an initial set of forms, with concentration of all future history into a few surviving lineages. For many years, I thought of this pattern as "winnowing," but must now reject this metaphor because all meanings of winnowing refer to separation of the good from the bad (grain from chaff in the original)—while I believe that the preservation of only a few Burgess possibilities worked more like a lottery.
But when Charles Doolittle Walcott found the Burgess Shale in 1909, they seemed well-nigh intractable. In Walcott's time, the slate of Precambrian life was absolutely blank. Not a single well-documented fossil had been found from any time before the Cambrian explosion, and the earliest evidence of multicellular animals coincided with the earliest evidence of any life at all! From time to time, claims had been advanced—more than once by Walcott himself— for Precambrian animals, but none had withstood later scrutiny.
Killers of the King: The Men Who Dared to Execute Charles I by Charles Spencer