By Rebecca Tiger
The variety of humans incarcerated within the U.S. now exceeds 2.3 million, due partially to the expanding criminalization of drug use: over 25% of individuals incarcerated in jails and prisons are there for drug offenses. Judging Addicts examines this elevated criminalization of substances and the medicalization of dependancy within the U.S. by way of targeting drug courts, the place defendants are despatched to drug therapy rather than criminal. Rebecca Tiger explores how advocates of those courts make their case for what they name “enlightened coercion,” detailing how they use clinical theories of habit to justify elevated legal justice oversight of defendants who, via this procedure, are outlined as either “sick” and “bad.”
Tiger exhibits how those courts fuse punitive and healing techniques to drug use within the identify of a “progressive” and “enlightened” method of habit. She reviews the medicalization of drug clients, exhibiting how the illness designation can supplement, instead of contradict, punitive techniques, demonstrating that those courts are neither unparalleled nor particular, and they comprise nice power to extend punitive keep watch over over drug clients. Tiger argues that the medicalization of habit has performed little to stem the punishment of drug clients due to a key conceptual overlap within the clinical and punitive approaches—that routine drug use is an issue that should be mounted via sobriety. Judging Addicts presses policymakers to enforce humane responses to power substance use that eliminate its keep an eye on completely from the felony justice approach and eventually explores the character of crime and punishment within the U.S. today.
“Judging Addicts strains the highbrow family tree of our most recent felony justice reform ‘fix’ to a constellation of rules approximately disease and crime, freedom and accountability, that experience pushed American justice guidelines because the innovative period. a vital learn for all of these searching for a true go out to mass incarceration.” —Jonathan Simon, Adrian A. Kragen Professor of legislation, Berkeley legislation School
“In a compelling narrative, Judging Addicts shatters the existing assumptions concerning the novelty and luck of up to date drug courts. This courageous and engaging e-book is a must-read for students, practitioners, and advocates within the legal justice and public wellbeing and fitness fields.” —Mona Lynch, Professor of Criminology, legislations & Society, college of California, Irvine
“Calling dependancy a illness has no longer decreased stigma and anguish yet quite widened the drug war's internet of punitive social keep an eye on. This incredible publication indicates the uneasy coexistence of punishment and recovery—a sociologically wealthy tale instructed in crystalline prose.” —Craig Reinarman, Professor of Sociology, collage of California, Santa Cruz
“One of the strengths of this booklet is the location of drug courts into their ancient context relating to felony justice reforms. Tiger additionally bargains a number of stable evaluations of drug courts, similar to their loss of transparency concerning the variety of drug courtroom contributors who don't end and the challenging nature in their advocacy association (the nationwide organization of Drug courtroom pros) being the most resource of knowledge assortment and reporting approximately drug courts. She additionally does a great activity displaying the complexity of the difficulty and the juxtaposition of facing habit as either a illness and an ethical failing.” —Jennifer Murphy, American magazine of Sociology
“[Judging Addicts] is attention-grabbing and good written, and maybe its maximum power lies within the means during which its writer units her dialogue of the drug court docket initiative in a historical context.” —Drugs: schooling, Prevention and Policy
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Extra info for Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System
To make their case, though, they appeal also to the societal and personal problem of addiction, the faith in the values of sobriety and treatment, and the belief that the institutions of medicine and law can cure social problems. One of the main accomplishments of drug courts has been to positively link addiction, treatment, and coercion by arguing not only that coerced treatment is more effective than incarceration, but also that coerced treatment is more effective than voluntary treatment. The sociology of knowledge, then, is interested in how subjective ideas come to be considered objective fact and how these ideas are used in everyday life.
As one judge they interviewed explained, sanctions are “supposed to put that kind of torture and fear and whatever else is unpleasant in your memory so that when you do cross that trigger again, you really remember. . The behavior modification thing . . ”6 An important aspect to drug courts is that judges show they care about defendants. ” They take into account participants’ commitment to sobriety. Judges praise, cajole, reprimand, and lecture drug court participants. Sometimes they hug them.
20 Obama recently almost doubled the allocation for drug courts, from $25 million to $45 million, through the Department of Justice. ”21 22 Both Bad and Sick Despite this rhetoric of an emphasis on treatment, Obama has made little movement toward changing the overall framework of the War on Drugs; he has not called for the legalization of drugs or the dismantling of the war’s underlying premise. His most recent drug policy budget bears striking similarities to George W. 22 This makes sense when we view the expansion of drug courts as part of the criminalization of drug users: treatment is offered once the criminal justice system becomes involved.
Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System by Rebecca Tiger