By D. Leonardsen
Criminologists have despaired that modernization and crime are inseparable, yet Japan has lengthy been visible as an exception to the guideline. during this ebook, the writer reveals that whereas it is still the case that crime relief may possibly come at a few price to person autonomy, the "West" can research from Japan to minimize the social damage of an excessive amount of freedom. rather than unending crime prevention courses via "social engineering," coverage makers may pay extra recognition to sociological insights pertaining to accountability, tasks and collective identities.
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Extra resources for Japan as a Low-Crime Nation
Nevertheless, international agencies and scholars in criminology engage in the business of comparing crime rates. Which leaves us in a quandary if we wish to assess whether there is anything like a scientific foundation for including Japan in the group of what Adler (1983) defined as Nations not obsessed with crime. The second question above (what do we mean when we talk about ‘the same social phenomenon’) touches upon why it is so complicated to compare crime between nations. Wilkins (1980) makes an analogy to elucidate this problem for us.
I present a discussion on the tricky methodological question how can we compare crime between countries and cultures? Is it ‘really true’ that Japan deserves credit for being a nation with little crime? Only by The Western Welfare Paradox 21 narrowing our definition of crime, excluding crimes in the private sphere and white-collar crime, is it possible to approach our main subject. The intention with this chapter is to comment on all those highly-relevant methodological objections that are naturally invited when this type of macro-sociological analysis is undertaken.
Hofstede and Bond (1988) also link the surge in Asia’s (including Japan’s) economy until the early 1990s to the tenets of Confucius. The cultural inheritance of this philosophy has constituted a competitive advantage for Japanese economy. In Confucianism there exists no final Truth. Whatever knowledge human beings attain it should be regarded as partial, and one truth should not exclude its opposite (cf. the Indian proverb: ‘the opposite of one truth is another truth’). Western Judean/ Christian culture, on the other hand, has been in search of the one and overarching Truth and the correct answer to things.
Japan as a Low-Crime Nation by D. Leonardsen