By Peter A. Ciullo
This multi-authored guide is a different cross-industry source for formulators and compounders, and a useful reference for the manufacturers of formulated commodities and commercial minerals. Monographs on all of the universal practical commercial mineralsÃ¹asbestos, barite, calcium carbonate, diatomite, feldspar, gypsum, hormite, kaolin, mica, nepheline syenite, perlite, pyrophyllite, silica, smectite, talc, vermiculite, wollastonite, and zeoliteÃ¹include an outline of typical and advertisement forms, marketplace dimension, and alertness components. those are supported by way of descriptions of mineral constructions and the marriage of minerals and chemical substances via mineral floor amendment. This orientation to the minerals and their makes use of types the basis for chapters the place they're awarded within the context of the final know-how of assorted eating industries. each one of those industry-specific shows covers either the chemical and mineral uncooked fabrics utilized by the formulator, how those are mixed, and correct attempt tools. those chapters serve a twin objective. every one clarifies for technologists the functionality and price of the mineral ingredients in their items. both very important, they supply a primer at the expertise of industries except their very own, in order that uncooked fabric, formula, processing and checking out issues should be in comparison and contrasted. The e-book concludes with a formulary demonstrating how particular mineral and chemical components are literally compounded in significant software parts, and technical information on ratings of industrial mineral items.
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Additional info for Industrial Minerals and Their Uses: A Handbook and Formulary
This loosely cohesive structure thickens the water and imparts thixotropy, pseudoplasticity, and yield value. Because of their mechanically-based dispersion and colloidal structure building, hormite clays are largely insensitive to the types and levels of acids, bases, and salts dissolved in the aqueous systems in which they are used. Since their dispersion is mechanically rather than ionically driven, as with smectites, they can be used in nonaqueous applications in much the same !!! 38 Industrial Minerals and Their Uses way as smectite-based organoclays.
Other major producers are France, the former Soviet republics, and Spain. Production in Romania and the former Soviet republics is almost exclusively of relatively low-value material for construction products. Uses elsewhere are dominated by filtration applications (80% in the US, 60% worldwide). The only other major use is as a filler. Filtration − Diatomite is widely used as a filter aid for the separation of suspended solids from liquids. It is used as a precoat on the filter medium or dispersed in the liquid to be filtered; these two uses are often employed together.
Micronized mica − This is dry-ground mica milled to -20 or -10 micrometers in fluid energy mills using superheated steam. Some is calcined for use in cosmetics. The Industrial Minerals 47 USES The United States is the leading supplier of mica, with about 46% of the world’s production. The US produces only ground muscovite. The only significant production of phlogopite is in Canada and Finland, which together account for about 15% of total worldwide mica output. India produces 80% of the world’s sheet mica.
Industrial Minerals and Their Uses: A Handbook and Formulary by Peter A. Ciullo