By Lomarsh Roopnarine
This booklet is the 1st complete research of Denmark’s solitary test with Indian indentured exertions on St. Croix throughout the moment half the 19th century. The booklet makes a speciality of the recruitment, transportation, plantation hard work, re-indenture, repatriation, remittances and abolition of Indian indentured event at the island. In doing so, Roopnarine has produced a compelling narrative on Indian indenture. The workers challenged and replied for that reason to their day-by-day indentured lifestyles utilizing their cultural strengths to cohere and co-exist in a planter-dominated atmosphere. workers needed to create possibilities for themselves utilizing their fatherland customs with no wasting the focal point that sometime they might go back domestic. Indentured Indians understood that the plantation process wouldn't be versatile to them yet relatively that they had to be versatile to plantation procedure. Roopnarine’s concise research has moved Indian indenture from the margin to mainstream not just within the historiography of the Danish West Indies, but additionally within the wider Caribbean the place Indians have been indentured.
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Extra info for Indian Indenture in the Danish West Indies, 1863-1873
XLVII (314). Report by Geoghegan on Immigration from India. London: Colonial Record Office. Coolie Journal: The distribution of Indians on Danish St. Croix. 1863. Danish national archives, Rigstarkivet, West Indiske Lokalarkiver, Den Vest Indiske Regering. Roopnarine, L. 2007. Indo-Caribbean indenture: Resistance and accommodation. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press. Roopnarine, L. 2010c. The Indian Sea Voyage between India and the Caribbean during the second half of the Nineteenth Century.
They were distributed to the following plantations: Estate Mount Pleasant received 50; Estate Diamond 25; Rattan 10; Lower Bethlehem 64; La Princesse 10; Lower Love 11; Golden Grove 16; Upper Love 15; Fountain 15; Goodhope 25; Diamond 19; River 56. Most of the emigrants were Hindus, Muslims, or Punjabi. Of 321, 280 were Hindus, 22 were Muslims and 19 were Punjabi. There were 239 adults with 261 males and 60 females, 70 male teens, 12 female teens, and a few infants. What observations can be drawn from the types of laborers brought to St.
Scoble, J. 1840. Hill coolies: A brief exposure of the deplorable conditions of the hill coolies in British Guiana and Mauritius. London: Harvey & Danton. E. 1888. Leaflets from the Danish West Indies. London: Wm Dawson & sons. C. 1917. The Danish West Indies under company rule (1671–1754). New York: Macmillan. CHAPTER 2 Post-Emancipation St. Croix 1849–1878 Abstract This chapter examines the early post-emancipation period in Danish St. Croix and reveals the challenges the planters faced in their continuous attempt not only to save the sugar industry but also to control labor.
Indian Indenture in the Danish West Indies, 1863-1873 by Lomarsh Roopnarine