By JANE FAWCETT
This can be the 1st ebook within the united kingdom to be dedicated to historical flooring. It introduces an incredible and mostly overlooked topic and considers conservation tools in a ecu context.
It strains the historical past of a few of the good flooring of Europe from the fourth century B.C. and descriptions the improvement of mosaic, tiles, marble and parquetry flooring in secular constructions. The early Christian pavements in basilicas, temples and cathedrals, the production of medieval tiles, ledger stones and huge brasses, their destruction by way of iconoclasts and new version throughout the Gothic Revival, also are discussed.
Leading specialists, archaeologists, architects and archivists ponder the newest equipment of recording and repairing cathedral flooring, together with these of cathedrals, nation homes, the huge tiled pavements of the Palace of Westminster and different public constructions. administration guidelines to guard impressive flooring in over-visited websites are thought of and historical positive aspects fairly in danger, are pointed out. pressing motion is suggested to comprise the wear because of the dramatic elevate in tourism all through Europe.
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Extra resources for Historic Floors: Their History and Conservation (Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology)
Fortunately, St Giles, Cheadle, one of his most spectacular churches, designed for the Earl of Shrewsbury, still contains all its original furnishings, including the floor tiles. Pugin, who was received into the Roman Catholic church in 1835, became a passionate convert. His publications, advocating Gothic as the only true ecclesiastical style, were very influential. So, also, were his designs. Benjamin Ferrey, writing Recollections of A. Welby Pugin in 1861, stated that ‘among the various objects occupying Pugin’s attention, not one received a greater share than the revival of the manufacture of encaustic tiles’.
Reproduced by courtesy of Society of Antiquaries, London) a wall monument in the south aisle, not designed by the Stantons. During the eighteenth century, ledgers were increasingly associated with wall monuments, and the lettering on both often came from the same craftsmen. The lettering on the Grinling Gibbons monument to Archbishop Lamplugh in York Minster is identical to that on his ledger stone nearby. The outstanding concentrations of medieval ledgers occur at Exeter and Lincoln Cathedrals, many with marginal inscriptions in Latin or medieval French.
Artists include Pinturiccio and Beccafumi. Subjects range from biblical to allegorical themes. Some sgraffito panels. 12 Lucca Cathedral, Tuscany, Italy. Fifteenthcentury marble pavement (Photograph, Jane Fawcett) widespread flooring materials in Italy up to the present day. St Peter’s, Rome, has a bold geometric pavement of contrasted coloured marble in the nave and aisles, while the Renaissance floors of the Vatican are paved with many superb designs including several Cosmati variants. The fictive cube design, giving a three-dimensional impression, was used as early as 1566 in the chancel of Palladio’s San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice, and later throughout Europe in both churches and secular buildings.
Historic Floors: Their History and Conservation (Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology) by JANE FAWCETT