Read e-book online Gas Hydrates: Immense Energy Potential and Environmental PDF

By Carlo Giavarini, Keith Hester

ISBN-10: 0857299557

ISBN-13: 9780857299550

Gas hydrates are either a massive strength source and an environmental problem. they've got an important impression on society as a result of their purposes to the way forward for power, safety of our surroundings and gasoline transportation.

Gas Hydrates opens up this attention-grabbing, multidisciplinary box to non-specialists. It offers a systematic examine of gasoline hydrates that considers their capability as an strength resource whereas assessing the prospective threat to the surroundings. The authors additionally study the feasibility of utilizing those usual compounds for storing and transporting gases akin to methane and carbon dioxide.

Diagrams and images are used all through Gas Hydrates to aid readers comprehend the clinical and technical content material. every one part has been designed so it may be learn independently via teachers and execs within the oil and fuel undefined, in addition to via all people with an curiosity in how hydrates mix to be an strength source, an business challange and a geological hazard.

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Additional resources for Gas Hydrates: Immense Energy Potential and Environmental Challenges

Sample text

These cages trap hydrate guest molecules, which stabilize the crystal lattice. Generally speaking, each hydrate cage contains up to one guest molecule. Multiple cage 26 3 The Structure and Formation of Gas Hydrates O H H O H H O O H H C O H H Fig. 3082 occupancy can occur but typically very high pressures are required. The ratio of water-to-guest molecules is referred to as the hydration number. The most common structures for hydrocarbon mixtures and other common gases are Structure I (sI) and Structure II (sII).

Stern L, Circone S, Kirby S, Durham W (2001) Anomalous preservation of pure methane hydrate at 1 atm. J Phys Chem B 105:1756–1761 10. Villard P (1888) Sur quelques nouveaux hydrates de gaz. 1 A Strange Mixture: Water Formation of crystals of gas hydrates is possible given the particular way water molecules interact. Formed from the union of two atoms of hydrogen and one oxygen atom, water has an apparently anomalous boiling point of 100°C. Based on its size, it should be around -80°C! This property and others that make water so fascinating to study comes from water’s ability to form hydrogen bonds.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 912. New York, pp 1–16 15. Seo YT, Kang SP, Lee H (2001) Experimental determination and thermodynamic modeling of methane and nitrogen hydrates in the presence of THF, propylene oxide, 1–4 dioxane and acetone. Fluid Phase Eq 189(1–2):99–110 16. Sloan ED, Koh CA (2008) Clathrate hydrates of natural gases, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton References 47 17. Sugahara T, Haag JC, Pinnelli S et al (2009) Increasing hydrogen storage capacity using tetrahydrofuran.

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Gas Hydrates: Immense Energy Potential and Environmental Challenges by Carlo Giavarini, Keith Hester

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