By Krishan Kumar
The second one variation of this vintage examine, revised with a brand new and monstrous starting bankruptcy.
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Extra resources for From Post-Industrial to Post-Modern Society: New Theories of the Contemporary World
Even India, it has been argued, despite certain undeniably Western fea- FPI1 8/17/2004 3:30 PM Page 19 RETHINKING MODERNITY 19 tures deriving from its colonial past, has fused that colonial past with indigenous traditions to produce a distinctive modernity that is different from the West (Kaviraj 2002). , Tambiah 2002). It has, of course, always been clear that modernity is a variegated thing, even in its Western form. American modernity – US style – is different from European modernity; Latin American from both North American modernity and that of Europe (Heideking 2002; Ortiz 2002; Wittrock 2002).
The three are seen as distinct but equivalent modes of production, analysable according to the same principles of structure and function (Bell 1980a: 504–5; see also Stonier 1983: 23; Jones 1982: 11). Bell, more cautious than most of his disciples, does not ‘read off’ from his predominantly economic model all the features of cultural and political life in the information society. As before, and with something of the same vexing stubbornness, he insists on the principle of ‘the disjunction of realms’.
But to modernize is to Westernize – to attempt to incorporate, with all its stresses and difficulties, the patterns of culture that produced Western modernity. This means taking in, to give a crude and incomplete list, the outlook of the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution and the European Enlightenment. It means adopting the central institutions, practices and beliefs promoted by the American and French Revolutions. This is a formidable task. There is no guarantee of success, and some societies may try to industrialize without modernizing (as China and some South-East Asian societies to some extent seem currently to be attempting to do).
From Post-Industrial to Post-Modern Society: New Theories of the Contemporary World by Krishan Kumar