By J. Beattie
A brand new interpretation of imperialism and environmental swap, and the anxieties imperialism generated via environmental transformation and interplay with unknown landscapes. Tying jointly South Asia and Australasia, this publication demonstrates how environmental anxieties ended in expanding kingdom source administration, conservation, and concrete reform.
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Additional info for Empire and Environmental Anxiety: Health, Science, Art and Conservation in South Asia and Australasia, 1800–1920
Gendered ideas about health also held that female bodies were particularly vulnerable to environmental change and offered a pertinent area of study for medical science (Chapter 2). Biography is a particularly useful way to explore environmental anxiety and its responses. Chapters 3 and 4 examine in greater detail the impact of education on the articulation of environmental anxieties by, respectively, Scottish- and German-trained scientists. 87 Origins of Environmental Anxieties 29 In articulating concerns about the aesthetic appearance of towns and the ugliness of deforestation, individuals like Alfred Sharpe derived their authority from their status as an artist.
Considering these great environmental differences (though, of course, he had no knowledge of Gondwanaland), imperial traveller Charles Dilke (1843–1911) compared the environments of India, Australia and New Zealand and their impact on colonial development. New Zealand’s climate, he observed, ‘is damp and windy’, its land covered in most parts with a tangled jungle of tree-ferns, creepers, and parasitic plants; water never fails, and, though winter is unknown, Origins of Environmental Anxieties 37 the summer heat is never great; the islands are always green.
Responses to these anxieties, I demonstrate, knitted together different local landscapes, people and places in the British Empire, affecting migration, local and national government policy, environmental modification, and the exchange of people and plants. I first discuss the chapter’s historiographical contributions. Next, I introduce European ideas of health and the influence of imperialism on these, before examining, in turn, how growing fears of tropical climates in India led to the expansion of government sanitation schemes and health bureaucracies, migration and the introduction of eucalyptus from Australia into India, and urban planning and park making.
Empire and Environmental Anxiety: Health, Science, Art and Conservation in South Asia and Australasia, 1800–1920 by J. Beattie