Peter Zweifel (auth.)'s Ein ökonomisches Modell des Arztverhaltens PDF

By Peter Zweifel (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3540114890

ISBN-13: 9783540114895

ISBN-10: 3642954057

ISBN-13: 9783642954054

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Additional resources for Ein ökonomisches Modell des Arztverhaltens

Sample text

Lch Praxis. en, sondern schliesst auch die Verschiebung von (K a ) 0 zu (K a ) I mit ein. Das Resultat ist ein Uebergang von Ao auf AI' mit einer Zunahme des gesamten Leistungsangebots infolge einer Honorarsteigerung. 12: Es gibt Anzeichen dafUr, dass der Markt fUr die Leistungen privater Aerzte auch dort durch permanente Ueberschussnachfrage im Sinne der Abb. 5 (a) gekennzeichnet ist, wo die Aerzte nicht an Kassentarife gebunden sind. Wenn die Aerzte als Gruppe nicht auf der aggregierten Nachfragekurve operieren, liegt die Vermutung nahe, dass auch der einzelne Arzt sein Honorar so ansetzt, dass er zum gleichen Tarif mehr Konsultationen oder umgekehrt gleich viele Konsultationen zu einem hoheren Tarif absetzen konnte.

Die Suche nach einem andern Arzt erscheint dann noch weniger lohnend als zuvor: Arm und Reich werden auf eine solche allgemeine Verteuerung kaum reagieren. Wie in der Theorie von CHAMBERLIN ist demnach zwischen einer unelastischen Branchen- und einer elastischeren Firmennachfragefunktion zu unterscheiden l • Damit ergibt sich moglicherweise die Losung eines Widerspruchs, der bereits von ARROW bemerkt worden ist 2 : Damit Gleichung (2-1) zutreffen kann, muss q. so hoch gewahlt ~ werden, dass die Elastizitat der Nachfrage e.

3 Der Arzt als besonderer Anbieter Die Nachfrage ist ganzlich unabhangig vom Geldpreis und variiert direkt mit dem Angebot. Die Funktion Kn(K a ) spiegelt also den unmittelbaren Einfluss des Arztes auf die Nachfrage nach seinen Leistungen. Umgekehrt passt der Arzt sein Arbeitsvolumen an die Nachfrage an, ohne dafUr einen hoheren Preis fUr seine Leistungen zu erhalten. Der entscheidende Mangel des Modells besteht darin, dass mit diesen beiden Funktionen bereits ein Gleichgewichtspunkt mit Ueberschussnachfrage Z festgelegt wird - einem Wert, der mit dem optimalen Wert Z* nicht Ubereinzustimmen braucht.

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Ein ökonomisches Modell des Arztverhaltens by Peter Zweifel (auth.)


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